Labour Relations Code
 
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LABOUR RELATIONS CODE

Chapter L-1

Table of Contents

                1       Definitions

                2       Delegation of Ministers and Director’s responsibilities

                3       Witnesses

                4       Application of Act

Part 1
Communication and Education

                5       Powers of the Minister and dissemination of information

                6       Multi-sector advisory council

                7       Round-table conference

Part 2
Labour Relations

Division 1
Labour Relations Board

                8       Composition of Board

                9       Sittings and business of Board

              10       Staff

              11       Informal procedure

              12       Powers of the Board

              13       Inquiries, investigations and inspections

              14       Evidence

              15       Conduct of votes

              16       Applications to the Board

              17       Remedies

              18       Board orders, etc.

              19       Judicial review

              20       Report by Board

Division 2
Employee and Employer Rights

              21       Rights of employees and employers

              22       Discrimination, etc.

              23       Right of dismissed employee

Division 3
Trade Unions

              24       Filing of constitution, etc., of trade union

              25       Capacity of trade union

              26       Suspension or expulsion from trade union

              27       Deduction of union dues

              28       Fees for temporary card

              29       Employees to be union members

Division 4
Employers' Organizations

              30       Capacity of employers' organization

              31       Suspension or expulsion from employers' organization

Division 5
Certification

              32       Applications for certification

              33       Evidence in support of application for certification

              34       Inquiry into certification application

              35       Appropriate unit

              36       Joint application by trade unions

              37       Timeliness of application for certification

              38       Prohibitions on certification

              39       Certification

              40       Effect of certification

              41       Consolidation of certificates

Division 6
Voluntary Recognition

              42       Voluntary recognition

              43       Collective bargaining with voluntarily recognized trade union

              44       Extension of certificate

Division 7
Modification of Bargaining Rights

              45       Modification of certification of a bargaining agent

              46       Effect of sale of business

              47       Spin-offs

              48       Governing bodies

              49       Successor trade union

Division 8
Revocation of Bargaining Rights

              50       Definition

              51       Application for revocation of bargaining rights

              52       Timeliness of application for revocation

              53       Inquiry into revocation application

              54       Revocation of bargaining rights

              55       Revocation without application

Division 9
General Provisions on Certification and Voluntary Recognition

              56       Continuation of collective agreement not a bar to certain applications

              57       Overriding provision concerning application

              58       Representation vote

Division 10
Collective Bargaining

              59       Notice to commence collective bargaining

              60       Commencement of bargaining

              61       Representatives for collective bargaining

              62       Authorization of employers' organization

              63       Service during collective bargaining

Division 11
Mediation and Enhanced Mediation

              64       Informal mediation

              65       Appointment of mediator

              66       Collective agreement after recommendations

              67       Questions on recommendations

Division 12
Votes on Proposals

              68       Vote on mediator's recommendations

              69       Vote on offer

              70       Conduct of vote

Division 13
Strikes and Lockouts

              71       No strike unless permitted

              72       No lockout unless permitted

              73       Conditions under which strike permitted

              74       Conditions under which lockout permitted

              75       Application to Board to supervise strike or lockout vote

              76       Supervision of strike or lockout vote

              77       Expiry of vote and right to strike or lock out

              78       Service of strike or lockout notice

              79       Strike or lockout notice extended by agreement

              80       Strike or lockout notice becomes ineffective

              81       Settlement of strike affecting employers' organization

              82       Settlement of lockout called by employers' organization

              83       Agreement re sections 81 and 82

Division 14
Regulation of Strikes, Lockouts and Picketing

              84       Picketing

              85       Refusal to work

              86       Board powers over unlawful strikes, etc.

              87       Board powers over unlawful lockout, etc.

              88       Effect of directive

              89       Employment continues

              90       Reinstatement of employee

              91       Jurisdiction of court

              92       Injunctions

Division 15
Voluntary Interest Arbitration

              93       Agreement re voluntary arbitration board

              94       Voluntary arbitration board

              95       Powers of voluntary arbitration board

Division 16
Compulsory Interest Arbitration

              96       Application and prohibition against strike and lockout

              97       Request for compulsory arbitration board

              98       Establishment of compulsory arbitration board

              99       Terms of reference

            100       Methods of arbitration

            101       Matters to be considered

            102       Award

            103       Incorporation of award

            104       Reconvening of compulsory arbitration board

Division 17
Disputes Inquiry Boards

            105       Notice of establishment of disputes inquiry board

            106       Recommendations of disputes inquiry board

            107       Collective agreement after recommendations

            108       Incorporation of award

            109       Questions on recommendations

            110       One disputes inquiry board per dispute

            111       Referral of other disputes

Division 18
Emergencies

            112       Emergencies

            113       Public emergency tribunal

Division 19
Measures During Illegal Strike or Illegal Lockout

            114       Suspension of dues check-off

            115       Payment of union dues during illegal lockout

            116       Direction by Lieutenant Governor in Council

Division 20
Disputes Resolution Tribunals

            117       Appointment of interest arbitration boards

            118       Appointments by Minister

            119       Appointments of members of other boards

            120       Membership

            121       Revocation of appointments

            122       Meetings

            123       Proceedings

            124       Majority award

            125       Powers of disputes resolution tribunals

            126       Filing and service of award

            127       Judicial review

Division 21
Effect of a Collective Agreement

            128       Effect of collective agreement

            129       Term of collective agreements

            130       Bridging of collective agreements

            131       Signing of collective agreement

            132       Filing collective agreement

            133       Collective agreement declared void

Division 22
Collective Agreement Arbitration

            134       Definition

            135       Requisites of collective agreement

            136       Model clauses

            137       Appointment of single arbitrator

            138       Appointment of arbitration board

            139       Ineligibility

            140       Speeding up decision

            141       Majority decision and award

            142       Effect of award on collective agreement

            143       Powers of arbitrator

            144       Parties bound by award

            145       Judicial review of award

            146       Enforcement of award

Division 23
Prohibited Practices

            147       Alteration of terms of employment

    148,149       Prohibited practices by employer, etc.

            150       Rights of employer

    151,152       Prohibited practices by trade union, etc.

            153       Fair representation

            154       Dispute-related misconduct

            155       Insurance and pension rights

Division 24
Miscellaneous

            156       Health, welfare and pension trusts

            157       Non-application of other Acts

Division 25
Offences and Penalties

            158       Specific offences

            159       Penalties re prohibited lockouts

            160       Penalties re prohibited strikes

            161       General offence and penalty

            162       Prosecutions

Part 2.1
Special Provisions Regarding Regional
Health Authorities

        162.1       Lieutenant Governor in Council regulations

        162.2       Disentitlement to severance and termination pay

Part 3
Construction Industry Labour Relations

Division 1
Application

            163       Application

Division 2
Registered Employers' Organizations

            164       Filing of constitution, etc., of employers' organization

            165       Collection of dues

Division 3
Registration

            166       Application for registration

            167       Evidence in support of application

            168       Inquiry into registration application

            169       Determining employers affected by application

            170       Timeliness of application for registration

            171       Appropriate parts for collective bargaining

            172       Grouping of trade unions

            173       Representation vote

            174       Registered employers' organization dominated by trade union

            175       Issue of registration certificate

            176       Effect of registration

            177       Directive re collective agreement

            178       Collective agreement between employers' organization and trade union

            179       Notification of creation of bargaining relationship

Division 4
Successor Registered Employers' Organizations and Mergers

            180       Mergers and transfers

Division 5
Termination of Registration

            181       Application for cancellation of registration certificate

            182       Cancellation of registration certificate

Division 6
Collective Bargaining

            183       Expiry of collective agreement

            184       Consolidation order

            185       Strike votes

            186       Strikes

            187       Lockout votes

            188       Lockouts

            189       Dispute resolution

            190       Referral of dispute

            191       Construction industry disputes resolution tribunal

            192       Construction common employer declarations

Division 7
Co-ordination of Bargaining in Sectors of the Construction Industry

            193       Co-ordination of bargaining in sectors of the construction industry

Division 8
Collective Agreements Relating to Major Construction Projects

            194       Interpretation

            195       Application for authorization

            196       Designation of project

            197       Collective bargaining by principal contractor and trade unions

            198       Persons bound by collective agreement

            199       Signatures on and duration of collective agreement


            200       Effect of collective agreement

            201       Application of other provisions of Act

Division 9
Work Jurisdiction Disputes in the Construction Industry

            202       Alberta Impartial Jurisdictional Disputes Board

            203       Reference of difference to Board

            204       Judicial review

            205       Enforcement of Board's decision

            206       Reconsideration

Part 4
Transitional

            207       Transitional

            208       Transitional re construction industry

Preamble

WHEREAS it is recognized that a mutually effective relationship between employees and employers is critical to the capacity of Albertans to prosper in the competitive world-wide market economy of which Alberta is a part;

WHEREAS it is fitting that the worth and dignity of all Albertans be recognized by the Legislature of Alberta through legislation that encourages fair and equitable resolution of matters arising in respect of terms and conditions of employment;

WHEREAS the employee-employer relationship is based on a common interest in the success of the employing organization, best recognized through open and honest communication between affected parties;

WHEREAS employees and employers are best able to manage their affairs where statutory rights and responsibilities are clearly established and understood; and

WHEREAS it is recognized that legislation supportive of free collective bargaining is an appropriate mechanism through which terms and conditions of employment may be established;

THEREFORE HER MAJESTY, by and with the advice and consent of the Legislative Assembly of Alberta, enacts as follows:

Definitions

1   In this Act,

                                 (a)    “bargain collectively” or “collective bargaining” means to negotiate or negotiation with a view to the conclusion of a collective agreement or the revision or renewal of a collective agreement;

                                 (b)    “bargaining agent” means a trade union that acts on behalf of employees in collective bargaining or as a party to a collective agreement with an employer or an employers’ organization, whether or not the bargaining agent is a certified bargaining agent;

                                 (c)    “Board” means the Labour Relations Board;

                                 (d)    “certified bargaining agent” means a trade union certified by the Board as a bargaining agent;

                                 (e)    “Chair” means the Chair of the Board;

                                  (f)    “collective agreement” means an agreement in writing between an employer or an employers’ organization and a bargaining agent containing terms or conditions of employment, and may include one or more documents containing one or more agreements;

                                 (g)    “construction” includes construction, alteration, decoration, restoration or demolition of buildings, structures, roads, sewers, water or gas mains, pipelines, dams, tunnels, bridges, railways, canals or other works, but does not include

                                           (i)    supplying, shipping or otherwise transporting supplies and materials or other products to or delivery at a construction project, or

                                          (ii)    maintenance work;

                                 (h)    “Court” means the Court of Queen’s Bench;

                                  (i)    “Director” means the person appointed under the Public Service Act as the Director of Mediation Services;

                                  (j)    “dispute” means a difference or apprehended difference arising in connection with the entering into, renewing or revising of a collective agreement;

                                 (k)    “disputes resolution tribunal” means

                                           (i)    a voluntary arbitration board referred to in Part 2, Division 15,

                                          (ii)    a compulsory arbitration board referred to in Part 2, Division 16,

                                         (iii)    a disputes inquiry board referred to in Part 2, Division 17, or

                                         (iv)    a public emergency tribunal referred to in Part 2, Division 18;

                                  (l)    “employee” means a person employed to do work who is in receipt of or entitled to wages, but does not include

                                           (i)    a person who in the opinion of the Board performs managerial functions or is employed in a confidential capacity in matters relating to labour relations,

                                          (ii)    a person who is a member of the medical, dental, architectural, engineering or legal profession qualified to practise under the laws of Alberta and is employed in the person’s professional capacity, or

                                         (iii)    a nurse practitioner who is employed in his or her professional capacity as a nurse practitioner in accordance with the Public Health Act and the regulations under that Act;

                                (m)    “employer” means a person who customarily or actually employs an employee;

                                 (n)    “employers’ organization” means an organization of employers that acts on behalf of an employer or employers and has as one of its objects the regulation of relations between employers and employees, whether or not the organization is a registered employers’ organization;

                                 (o)    “firefighters” means the employees, including officers and technicians, employed by a municipality or Metis settlement and assigned exclusively to fire protection and fire prevention duties notwithstanding that those duties may include the performance of ambulance or rescue services;

                                 (p)    “lockout” includes

                                           (i)    the closing of a place of employment by an employer,

                                          (ii)    the suspension of work by an employer, or

                                         (iii)    a refusal by an employer to continue to employ employees,

                                          for the purpose of compelling the employer’s employees, or to aid another employer in compelling the employees of that employer, to accept terms or conditions of employment;

                                 (q)    “lockout vote” means the polling of a single employer or a vote of employers under section 76(2);

                                  (r)    “mediator” means a person whose services are provided under section 64 or who is appointed as a mediator under this Act;

                                 (s)    “Minister”  means the Minister determined under section 16 of the Government Organization Act as the Minister responsible for this Act;

                              (s.1)    “nurse practitioner” means a registered nurse within the meaning of the Nursing Profession Act who is entered on the Nursing Profession Extended Practice Roster under that Act;

                                  (t)    “officer” means a person designated under section 8(8);

                               (t.1)    “regional health authority” means a regional health authority under the Regional Health Authorities Act;

                                 (u)    “registered employers’ organization” means an employers’ organization registered by the Board as an agent for collective bargaining in a part of the construction industry;

                                 (v)    “strike” includes

                                           (i)    a cessation of work,

                                          (ii)    a refusal to work, or

                                         (iii)    a refusal to continue to work,

                                          by 2 or more employees acting in combination or in concert or in accordance with a common understanding for the purpose of compelling their employer or an employers’ organization to agree to terms or conditions of employment or to aid other employees to compel their employer or an employers’ organization to accept terms or conditions of employment;

                                (w)    “strike vote” means a vote of employees under section 76(1);

                                 (x)    “trade union” means an organization of employees that has a written constitution, rules or bylaws and has as one of its objects the regulation of relations between employers and employees;

                                 (y)    “unit” means any group of employees of an employer;

                                 (z)    “vice-chair” means a vice-chair of the Board;

                               (aa)    “wages” includes any salary, pay, overtime pay and any other remuneration for work or services however computed or paid, but does not include tips and other gratuities.

RSA 2000 cL-1 s1;2003 c6 s2

Delegation of Ministers and Directors responsibilities

2(1)  When the Minister or the Director is given a power or duty under this Act, the Minister or Director may authorize one or more employees of the Crown in right of Alberta to exercise or perform that power or duty generally or with respect to any particular case on the conditions or in the circumstances that the Minister or Director prescribes, and that power or duty may then be exercised or performed by the employee so authorized in addition to the Minister or Director.

(2)  Subsection (1) does not apply to the Minister’s power to direct a vote under section 15(3)(b) or to consent to a prosecution under section 162.

1988 cL-1.2 s2

Witnesses

3(1)  The Minister, a member or officer of the Board, an employee of the Crown in right of Alberta employed in the administration of this Act or any person designated by the Minister or selected by the parties to endeavour to effect settlement of any matter to which this Act applies is not a compellable witness in proceedings before any court respecting any information, material or report obtained by that person under this Act.

(2)  In this section, “court” means the Court of Queen’s Bench or any other court and includes the Labour Relations Board or any other board or person having by law or by the consent of the parties authority to hear, receive and examine evidence, but does not include an inquiry under the Public Inquiries Act.

1988 cL-1.2 s3

Application of Act

4(1)  Subject to subsection (2), this Act applies to every employer and employee and is binding on the Crown in right of Alberta.

(2)  This Act does not apply to

                                 (a)    an employer as defined in the Public Service Employee Relations Act and to whom that Act applies;

                                 (b)    a person employed by an employer as defined in the Public Service Employee Relations Act and to whom that Act applies;

                                 (c)    employers and employees in respect of whom this Act does not apply by virtue of a provision of another Act;

                                 (d)    employees who are police officers of a municipal police service appointed pursuant to the Police Act, except to the extent that this Act is made applicable by the Police Officers Collective Bargaining Act;

                                 (e)    employees employed on a farm or ranch whose employment is directly related to

                                           (i)    the primary production of eggs, milk, grain, seeds, fruit, vegetables, honey, livestock, domestic cervids within the meaning of the Livestock Industry Diversification Act, poultry or bees, or

                                          (ii)    any other primary agricultural operation specified in the regulations under the Employment Standards Code

                                          or to their employer while the employer is acting in the capacity of their employer;

                                  (f)    employees employed in domestic work in a private dwelling or to their employer while the employer is ordinarily resident in the dwelling and acting in the capacity of their employer.

RSA 2000 cL-1 s4;2003 c26 s19

Part 1
Communication and Education

Powers of the Minister and dissemination of information

5(1)  Subject to this Act, the Minister may, through communication and education, do those things the Minister considers beneficial to the promotion of fair and equitable labour relations in Alberta.

(2)  Without restricting the generality of subsection (1), the Minister may

                                 (a)    collect information and statistics relating to labour relations, and

                                 (b)    disseminate information in a manner and form that the Minister considers will best promote fair and equitable labour relations.

(3)  An employer shall make available to the employer’s employees at the employer’s place of business a copy of each notice, information bulletin or extract from this Act or the regulations that the Minister or the Board sends to the employer and requires the employer to make available.

1988 cL-1.2 s5

Multi-sector advisory council

6(1)  The Minister may establish one or more councils to act in an advisory capacity with respect to labour relations.

(2)  The Minister may, with respect to a council established under this section,

                                 (a)    appoint or provide for the manner of appointment of its members,

                                 (b)    prescribe the term of office of any member,

                                 (c)    designate or provide for the designation of a chair, vice-chair or secretary,

                                 (d)    authorize, fix and provide for the payment of remuneration and expenses to its members, and

                                 (e)    make rules governing the calling of its meetings, the conduct of business at its meetings, reporting and any other matters as required.

(3)  A council established pursuant to this section may make rules governing any matter referred to in subsection (2)(e) to the extent that the Minister has not made rules under that clause governing the matter.

(4)  Subject to this Act, a council established pursuant to this section may exercise the powers and shall perform the duties and functions that the Minister confers or imposes on it.

1988 cL-1.2 s6

Round-table conference

7   The Minister shall, from time to time, convene a conference consisting of representatives of business, trade unions, the academic community and any other groups the Minister considers advisable for the purpose of developing a general understanding of Alberta’s economic circumstances and those factors critical to continued economic growth.

1988 cL-1.2 s7

Part 2
Labour Relations

Division 1
Labour Relations Board

Composition of Board

8(1)  The Labour Relations Board previously established is continued as the Labour Relations Board.

(2)  The Board shall be composed of persons appointed as members of the Board by the Lieutenant Governor in Council.

(3)  One of the members of the Board shall be designated as Chair and other members of the Board may be designated as vice-chairs.

(4)  The Chair may designate a vice-chair as acting Chair to act as Chair when the Chair is temporarily unable to act or is temporarily absent.

(5)  The Lieutenant Governor in Council may establish Divisions of the Board and, in that case,

                                 (a)    the Chair is, by reason of the Chair’s office, a member of each Division,

                                 (b)    a vice-chair and a member may be appointed to one or more Divisions and more than one vice-chair may be appointed to a Division,

                                 (c)    a vice-chair may sit as a vice-chair only in a Division to which the vice-chair was appointed, and

                                 (d)    the Chair may on a case-by-case basis assign a member to a Division other than the Division to which the member was appointed.

(6)  The members of the Board shall be appointed to hold office for terms not exceeding

                                 (a)    5 years in the case of the Chair and vice-chairs, and

                                 (b)    3 years in the case of other members,

and may be reappointed for additional terms to commence on the expiry of their appointment.

(7)  The members of the Board shall be paid expenses, allowances and remuneration for their services as determined by the Lieutenant Governor in Council.

(8)  The Chair may, in writing, designate officers of the Board for the purposes of this Act.

1988 cL-1.2 s8;1994 c19 s1

Sittings and business of Board

9(1)  The members of the Board shall meet at the times and places specified by the Chair or a vice-chair and may meet as the Board or as a panel established under subsection (4).

(2)  The Chair shall assign the business of the Board to the Division that, in the Chair’s opinion, is the appropriate Division to conduct the business.

(3)  The Chair’s decision under subsection (2) is final.

(4)  The Chair may establish from the members of a Division panels to conduct the Board’s business that is assigned to that Division.

(5)  At the direction of the Chair, a vice-chair shall preside at a meeting of the Board or a panel.

(6)  A quorum of the Board or a panel is the Chair or a vice-chair presiding at the meeting and 2 other members.

(7)  A decision of a majority of the members of the Board or a panel present and constituting a quorum is the decision of the Board, but if there is a tie vote, the Chair or the vice-chair presiding at the meeting may cast a 2nd vote.

(8)  Notwithstanding any vacancy in the membership of the Board, if at least 3 members remain in office, the remaining members have and may exercise and perform the powers, duties and functions of the Board.

(9)  If a member of the Board resigns or the member’s appointment terminates, the member may carry out and complete the duties or responsibilities and continue to exercise the powers that the member would have had if the member had not ceased to be a member in relation to a proceeding in which the member participated as a member of the Board, until the proceeding is completed.

(10)  Notwithstanding subsection (6), the Chair or a vice-chair may sit alone to hear and decide a question under section 12(3)(b), (d), (l), (m), (n) or (o), 14(2) or 76(4).

(11)  The Chair or a vice-chair sitting alone may

                                 (a)    where all of the parties consent, or

                                 (b)    where, after a period of notice determined by the Board, none of the parties object,

grant any order or directive within the Board’s jurisdiction.

(12)  When the Chair or a vice-chair sits alone under subsection (10) or (11) or the Board meets as a panel, the Chair, vice-chair or panel, as the case may be, is deemed to be the Board for the purposes of this Act.

1988 cL-1.2 s9;1994 c19 s1

Staff

10(1)  In accordance with the Public Service Act, there may be appointed any employees necessary for the administration of this Act or any other enactment administered by the Board.

(2)  For the purposes of the Financial Administration Act, the Chair has all the powers of the deputy head of a department.

1994 c19 s1

Informal procedure

11(1)  Notwithstanding section 9, the Chair may, where in the interest of settlement of the matter in dispute it is desirable to do so, assign any matter before the Board to one or more members of the Board.

(2)  For the purposes of resolving the matter in dispute, the member or members of the Board to whom the matter is assigned under subsection (1) may

                                 (a)    conduct informal hearings,

                                 (b)    engage in efforts at settlement, and

                                 (c)    issue reports to the parties to the dispute and the Board on any resolution achieved and any matters that remain unresolved and what the member or members consider ought to be done in respect of those matters.

(3)  On application by a party to the dispute, the Board may confirm a report issued under subsection (2) as a decision of the Board.

1988 cL-1.2 s10;1994 c19 s1

Powers of the Board

12(1)  Notwithstanding anything in this Act, the powers and duties of the Board shall be exercised and performed in a manner consistent with the jurisdiction conferred on the Board by this Act or any other enactment conferring jurisdiction on the Board.

(2)  The Board may for the purposes of this Act

                                 (a)    receive applications, references and complaints,

                                 (b)    conduct any inquiries or investigations that it considers necessary, either itself or through its officers,

                                 (c)    conduct any hearings that it considers necessary,

                                 (d)    require, conduct or supervise votes only by secret ballot,

                                 (e)    make or issue any interim orders, decisions, directives or declarations it considers necessary pending the final determination of any matter before the Board,

                                  (f)    make or issue any orders, decisions, notices, directives, declarations or certificates it considers necessary,

                                 (g)    make rules

                                           (i)    of procedure for the conduct of its business, including inquiries and hearings,

                                          (ii)    for the giving of notice and the service of documents,

                                         (iii)    for the charging of fees for services or materials provided by or at the direction of the Board in a proceeding before it or in an application under section 19(2), and

                                         (iv)    for any other matters it considers necessary,

                                 (h)    through its members, officers and other representatives undertake efforts to assist the parties to a proceeding before the Board to settle the matter, and

                                  (i)    award any costs it considers appropriate in the circumstances if an application, reference or complaint, or a reply or defence to it, is, in the opinion of the Board, trivial, frivolous, vexatious or abusive.

(3)  The Board may decide for the purposes of this Act whether

                                 (a)    a person is an employer,

                                 (b)    a person is an employee,

                                 (c)    an organization or association is an employers’ organization,

                                 (d)    an organization of employees is a trade union,

                                 (e)    an employer has given an employers’ organization authority to bargain collectively on the employer’s behalf or has revoked that authority,

                                  (f)    a collective agreement has been entered into,

                                 (g)    a person is bound by a collective agreement,

                                 (h)    a person is a party to a collective agreement,

                                  (i)    a collective agreement has been entered into on behalf of any person,

                                  (j)    a collective agreement is in effect,

                                 (k)    the parties to a dispute have settled the terms to be included in a collective agreement,

                                  (l)    a group of employees is a unit appropriate for collective bargaining,

                                (m)    a person has applied for membership or has terminated the person’s membership in a trade union,

                                 (n)    a person is a member in good standing of a trade union,

                                 (o)    a person is included in or excluded from a unit,

                                 (p)    an employer is affected by a registration certificate of a registered employers’ organization,

                                 (q)    an employee is employed in a sector,

                                  (r)    an employee is employed in a trade jurisdiction,

                                 (s)    an employer is engaged in the construction industry or in a part of the construction industry,

                                  (t)    a strike has occurred or is lawful under this Act,

                                 (u)    a lockout has occurred or is lawful under this Act, or                       

                                 (v) a majority of employees, or an employer and a majority of employees, have confirmed that they accept being bound by a collective agreement, and the date of that confirmation, for the purposes of section 52(4.1),

and the Board’s decision is final and binding.

(4)  The Board has exclusive jurisdiction to exercise the powers conferred on it by or under this Act and to determine all questions of fact or law that arise in any matter before it and the action or decision of the Board on them is final and conclusive for all purposes, but the Board may, at any time, whether or not an application has commenced under section 19(2), reconsider any decision, order, directive, declaration or ruling made by it and vary, revoke or affirm the decision, order, directive, declaration or ruling.

(5)  In addition to the matters specified or referred to in this section, the Board has all necessary jurisdiction and power to perform any duties assigned to it by the Lieutenant Governor in Council.

(6)  Neither the members of the Board nor any person employed in respect of the Board’s activities is personally liable for anything done by the member or person in good faith while acting in the course of the member’s or person’s duties or employment under this or any other Act.

1988 cL-1.2 s11;1994 c19 s1

Inquiries, investigations and inspections

13(1)  The Board or an officer may

                                 (a)    inspect and examine all books, payrolls and other records of an employer, an employee or any other person relating to employment or terms or conditions of employment;

                                 (b)    by notice in writing demand the production of any books, records, documents, papers, payrolls, contracts of employment or other records relevant to employment or terms and conditions of employment or relevant to the membership or constitution of a trade union or employers’ organization, either forthwith or at a date, place and time specified in the notice;

                                 (c)    take extracts from or make copies of books, records, documents, papers, payrolls, contracts of employment and any other records relating to employment or terms or conditions of employment;

                                 (d)    require an employer, employee or any other person to make, furnish or produce full and correct statements either orally or in writing respecting employment or terms and conditions of employment, and may require the statements to be made on oath or to be verified by statutory declaration;

                                 (e)    post or require any employer, trade union, employee or other person to post any notices or other communications of the Board at the locations that the Board or officer, as the case may be, considers advisable.

(2)  For the purposes of this Act, an officer may, in the execution of the officer’s duties,

                                 (a)    enter, inspect and examine at all reasonable times any premises or other place, other than a private dwelling, in which the officer has reason to believe that a person is employed,

                                 (b)    make any examination and inquiry necessary to ascertain whether the provisions of this Act or any order, decision, directive, declaration or notice of the Board or any written instructions of the Chair, a vice-chair or an officer have been complied with, and

                                 (c)    question an employee, without the employee’s employer being present, during the employee’s regular hours of work or otherwise.

(3)  An employers’ organization, employer, trade union and employee, and any person acting on their behalf, shall give reasonable assistance to the Board and officers to enable them to do any of the things referred to in this section.

1988 cL-1.2 s12

Evidence

14(1)  For the purposes of this Act, officers and members of the Board may administer oaths.

(2)  Subject to subsection (3), the Board may, by order, summon and enforce the attendance of witnesses and compel them to give oral or written evidence on oath and to produce the documents and things the Board considers requisite to the full investigation and consideration of matters within its jurisdiction in the same manner as a court of record may in civil cases.

(3)  If any person fails to comply with a Board order made under subsection (2), or conducts himself or herself in a manner that may be in contempt of the Board or its proceedings, the Board may apply to the Court for an order directing compliance with the Board’s order, or restraining any conduct found by the Court to be in contempt of the Board or its proceedings.

(4)  On an application under subsection (3), the Court may grant any order that, in the opinion of the Court, is necessary to enable the Board to carry out its duties.

(5)  The Board

                                 (a)    may accept any oral or written evidence that it, in its discretion, considers proper, whether admissible in a court of law or not, and

                                 (b)    is not bound by the law of evidence applicable to judicial proceedings.

(6)  The Board is not required to divulge any information as to whether a person

                                 (a)    is or is not a member of a trade union,

                                 (b)    has or has not applied for membership in a trade union, or

                                 (c)    has or has not indicated in writing the person’s selection of a trade union to be, or the person’s opposition to the trade union’s being, the bargaining agent on the person’s behalf.

1988 cL-1.2 s13

Conduct of votes

15(1)  For the purposes of this Act, the Board may require, conduct or supervise votes.

(2)  All votes required, conducted or supervised by the Board for the purposes of this Act shall be by secret ballot.

(3)  The Board

                                 (a)    may on the request of an employer, employers’ organization or trade union or on receipt of a petition signed by not fewer than 50% of the employees in a unit, and

                                 (b)    shall on the direction of the Minister,

conduct a vote on any question involving the relations between an employer and the employer’s employees in a unit or between an employers’ organization and the employers in the employers’ organization where it is desirable to have an expression of opinion of the majority of the employees or employers, as the case may be.

(4)  For the purpose of any vote required, conducted or supervised by the Board, the Board may do all or any of the following:

                                 (a)    make rules, including rules with respect to

                                           (i)    subject to subsection (2), the manner of taking or casting votes,

                                          (ii)    the procedure to be followed before, during and after a vote,

                                         (iii)    the fixing of the date, place and time of voting,

                                         (iv)    the manner in which and the time at which a voters list is to be prepared, and

                                          (v)    the disposal of ballots;

                                 (b)    appoint persons to act as returning officers for any vote required, conducted or supervised and vest in them whatever authority it considers necessary to ensure that the vote is properly conducted and that its rules are complied with;

                                 (c)    when it is required or permitted to do so under this Act, determine who is eligible to vote on any matter;

                                 (d)    investigate any complaint made to it concerning any vote taken pursuant to this Act;

                                 (e)    require an employer to place a suitable portion of the employer’s premises or the premises where employees are working at the disposal of the Board for the purpose of taking a vote;

                                  (f)    direct all interested persons to refrain or desist from electioneering or from issuing any propaganda, or both, for any period of time prior to the date of a vote that the Board fixes.

(5)  The Board may delegate its powers under subsection (4)(b), (c), (d), (e) or (f) to an officer or to the Chair or a vice-chair.

1988 cL-1.2 s14

Applications to the Board

16(1)  An employer, employers’ organization, employee, trade union or other interested person may make a complaint in writing to the Board that there has been or is a failure to comply with any provision of this Act that is specified in the complaint.

(2)  The Board may refuse to accept any complaint that is made more than 90 days after the complainant knew, or in the opinion of the Board ought to have known, of the action or circumstances giving rise to the complaint.

(3)  When a difference exists concerning the application or operation of this Act, a party to the difference may refer the difference to the Board.

(4)  When a complaint is made under subsection (1), a reference is made under subsection (3) or any other application to the Board is made under this Act, the Board may do one or more of the following:

                                 (a)    appoint an officer to inquire into the complaint, reference or application and endeavour to effect a settlement within a reasonable time;

                                 (b)    refer the matter to one or more members of the Board pursuant to section 11(1);

                                 (c)    decide the matter itself after any hearings or inquiries that it considers necessary;

                                 (d)    where the matter in issue is properly the subject of collective agreement arbitration, or some other proceeding authorized by statute, decline to proceed with the matter or proceed on any terms that the Board considers just;

                                 (e)    where the Board is of the opinion that the matter is without merit, or is frivolous, trivial or vexatious, reject the matter summarily.

(5)  The Board’s powers under subsection (4)(a) may be delegated to the Chair, a vice-chair or an officer designated by the Board.

(6)  The Board shall give notice to any party that, in the opinion of the Board, may be affected by a complaint, reference or application filed with the Board.

(7)  The Board may permit an amendment to a complaint, reference or application at any stage in its proceedings subject to the rights of affected parties to make any representations and defences that may be necessitated by the amendment.

(8)  Subject to section 17(2), when the Board makes a decision with respect to a complaint, reference or application, it may by order or directive give any remedy that is appropriate to the matter or necessary to ensure compliance with and enforcement of this Act.

1988 cL-1.2 s15;1994 c19 s1

Remedies

17(1)  When the Board is satisfied after an inquiry that an employer, employers’ organization, employee, trade union or other person has failed to comply with any provision of this Act that is specified in a complaint, the Board may issue a directive to rectify the act in respect of which the complaint was made and, without restricting the generality of the foregoing,

                                 (a)    may issue a directive or interim directive to the employer, employers’ organization, employee, trade union or other person concerned to cease doing the act in respect of which the complaint was made;

                                 (b)    may issue a directive to require the employer, employers’ organization, employee, trade union or other person

                                           (i)    to reinstate any employee suspended or discharged contrary to this Act;

                                          (ii)    to pay to an employee or former employee suspended or discharged contrary to this Act compensation not exceeding a sum that, in the opinion of the Board, would have been paid by the employer to the employee, together with a sum not exceeding the amount of interest paid by the employee on money borrowed to support the employee and the employee’s family, during the time the employee was so suspended or discharged;

                                         (iii)    to reinstate or admit a person as a member of a trade union;

                                         (iv)    to rescind any disciplinary action taken or pecuniary or other penalty imposed contrary to this Act;

                                          (v)    to pay to a person compensation not exceeding a sum that, in the opinion of the Board, is equivalent to the pecuniary or other penalty imposed on a person contrary to this Act;

                                         (vi)    in respect of a contravention of section 148 or 149, to pay to an employee compensation not exceeding a sum that, in the opinion of the Board, is equivalent to the remuneration that would have been paid to the employee by the employer if the employer had not contravened that section;

                                 (c)    in respect of a failure to comply with section 60,

                                           (i)    may issue a directive directing the employer, employers’ organization, bargaining agent or authorized representative concerned to bargain in good faith and to make every reasonable effort to enter into a collective agreement, and

                                          (ii)    may prescribe the conditions under which collective bargaining is to take place;

                                 (d)    may, subject to subsection (2) but notwithstanding any other provision of this Act,

                                           (i)    certify or refuse to certify a trade union as the bargaining agent for a unit of employees;

                                          (ii)    revoke or refuse to revoke the certification of a bargaining agent;

                                         (iii)    revoke or refuse to revoke the bargaining rights of a bargaining agent voluntarily recognized;

                                         (iv)    register or refuse to register an employers’ organization as an agent for collective bargaining on behalf of employers in a trade jurisdiction and sector in the construction industry;

                                          (v)    cancel or refuse to cancel the registration certificate of a registered employers’ organization.

(2)  Subsection (1)(d) and section 16(8) do not authorize the Board to certify a trade union or to revoke the certification of a trade union unless the majority of employees voting at a representation vote conducted by the Board vote in favour of the certification or revocation of certification, as the case may be.

1988 cL-1.2 s16

Board orders, etc.

18(1)  An order that the Board makes may be issued on its behalf by the Chair or a vice-chair.

(2)  An order purporting to be signed by the Chair or a vice-chair on behalf of the Board shall be received in any court as proof, in the absence of evidence to the contrary,

                                 (a)    of the order and its contents, and

                                 (b)    that the persons signing the order were authorized to do so,

without proof of the appointment or signature of the Chair or vice-chair.

(3)  A copy of an order, having endorsed on it a certificate purporting to be signed by an officer stating that the copy is a true copy, shall be received in any court as proof, in the absence of evidence to the contrary, of the order and its contents, without proof of the appointment or signature of the officer.

(4)  If the Board is satisfied in any proceedings under this Act that a bona fide mistake has been made in naming or not naming a person, trade union, employer or employers’ organization, the Board may direct that the name of the person, trade union, employer or employers’ organization be substituted, added or deleted as a party to the proceedings.

(5)  No proceeding under this Act is invalid by reason of a defect of form or a technical irregularity.

(6)  If any directive or order made by the Board is not complied with, the Board may, on the request of an employer, employers’ organization, employee, trade union or other person affected by the directive or order, file a copy of the order or directive with the clerk of the Court and, on being filed, the directive is enforceable as a judgment or order of the Court.

(7)  For the purpose of this section, “order” includes a decision, declaration, directive, interim directive, order or certificate made by the Board.

1988 cL-1.2 s17

Judicial review

19(1)  Subject to subsection (2), no decision, order, directive, declaration, ruling or proceeding of the Board shall be questioned or reviewed in any court by application for judicial review or otherwise, and no order shall be made or process entered or proceedings taken in any court, whether by way of injunction, declaratory judgment, prohibition, quo warranto or otherwise, to question, review, prohibit or restrain the Board or any of its proceedings.

(2)  A decision, order, directive, declaration, ruling or proceeding of the Board may be questioned or reviewed by way of an application for judicial review seeking an order in the nature of certiorari or mandamus if the originating notice is filed with the Court and served on the Board no later than 30 days after the date of the decision, order, directive, declaration, ruling or proceeding, or reasons in respect of it, whichever is later.

(3)  The Court may, in respect of any application under subsection (2),

                                 (a)    determine the issues to be resolved on the application,

                                 (b)    limit the contents of the return from the Board to those materials necessary for the disposition of those issues, and

                                 (c)    give directions to protect the confidentiality of the matters referred to in section 14(6).

1988 cL-1.2 s18

Report by Board

20(1)  The Board shall at the end of each Government fiscal year make a report on the operations of the Board during that year to the Minister.

(2)  On receipt of the report referred to in subsection (1) by the Minister, the Minister shall lay a copy of it before the Legislative Assembly if it is then sitting and if not, within 15 days after the commencement of the next sitting.

1994 c19 s1

Division 2
Employee and Employer Rights

Rights of employees and employers

21(1)  An employee has the right

                                 (a)    to be a member of a trade union and to participate in its lawful activities, and

                                 (b)    to bargain collectively with the employee’s employer through a bargaining agent.

(2)  An employer has the right

                                 (a)    to be a member of an employers’ organization and to participate in its lawful activities,

                                 (b)    to bargain collectively with the employer’s employees, and

                                 (c)    to conduct collective bargaining through an employers’ organization.

1988 cL-1.2 s19

Discrimination, etc.

22  No employer or trade union or any person acting on their behalf shall discriminate against a person in regard to employment or membership in a trade union, or intimidate or coerce a person or impose a pecuniary or other penalty on a person, because the person

                                 (a)    has testified or otherwise participated in or may testify or otherwise participate in a proceeding authorized or permitted under a collective agreement or in a proceeding under this Act,

                                 (b)    has made or is about to make a disclosure that the person may be required to make in a proceeding authorized or permitted under a collective agreement or in a proceeding under this Act, or

                                 (c)    has made an application or filed a complaint under this Act.

1988 cL-1.2 s20

Right of dismissed employee

23  No person ceases to be an employee within the meaning of this Act by reason only of the employee’s dismissal contrary to this Act.

1988 c-1.2 s21

Division 3
Trade Unions

Filing of constitution, etc., of trade union

24(1)  In accordance with the rules and procedures established by the Board, a trade union shall file with the Board

                                 (a)    a copy of its constitution, bylaws or other constitutional documents, and

                                 (b)    the names and addresses of its president, secretary, officers and other organizers and the names of its officers who are authorized to sign collective agreements.

(2)  The trade union shall send to the Board any changes to the information supplied under subsection (1) as soon as possible after the change is made and in any event when required to do so by the Board.

1988 cL-1.2 s22

Capacity of trade union

25(1)  For the purposes of this Act, a trade union is capable of

                                 (a)    prosecuting and being prosecuted, and

                                 (b)    suing and being sued.

(2)  A trade union and its acts are not unlawful by reason only that one or more of its objects or purposes are in restraint of trade.

1988 cL-1.2 s23

Suspension or expulsion from trade union

26   No trade union shall expel or suspend any of its members or take disciplinary action against or impose any form of penalty on any person for any reason other than a failure to pay the periodic dues, assessments and initiation fees uniformly required to be paid by all members of the trade union as a condition of acquiring or retaining membership in the trade union, unless that person has been

                                 (a)    served personally or by double registered mail with specific charges in writing,

                                 (b)    given a reasonable time to prepare the person’s defence,

                                 (c)    afforded a full and fair hearing, including the right to be represented by counsel, and

                                 (d)    found guilty of the charge or charges, and if a monetary penalty has been imposed, fails to pay it after having been given a reasonable time to do so.

1988 cL-1.2 s24

Deduction of union dues

27(1)  An employee may, in writing, authorize the employee’s employer to deduct from wages due to the employee an amount payable by that employee to a trade union for

                                 (a)    union dues, and

                                 (b)    initiation fees not exceeding an amount equivalent to one month’s union dues.

(2)  The employer shall, from wages due to the employee, make the deductions authorized by the employee, and the authorization

                                 (a)    is effective only for the amount or the percentage of the wages specified in it, and

                                 (b)    continues in force for at least 3 months and afterwards until revoked in writing by the employee.

(3)  The employer shall by the 15th day of each month remit to the trade union named in the authorization

                                 (a)    the dues deducted for the preceding month, and

                                 (b)    a written statement of the name of the employee for whom the deduction was made and of the amount or percentage of the employee’s wages of each deduction,

until the authorization is revoked in writing by the employee and the revocation is delivered to the employer.

(4)  On receipt of a revocation of an authorization to deduct union dues, the employer shall immediately give a copy of the revocation to the trade union concerned.

1988 cL-1.2 s25

Fees for temporary card

28   If a trade union issues a temporary card, document or other permit to a person who is not a member of the trade union, the dues or fees charged each month by the trade union for the temporary card, document or other permit shall not exceed an amount equivalent to the dues or fees payable by a member of the trade union for the same period.

1988 cL-1.2 s26

Employees to be union members

29(1)  Subject to subsection (2), nothing in this Act prevents a trade union from continuing an existing collective agreement or entering into a new collective agreement with an employer or employers’ organization whereby all the employees or any unit of employees of the employer or of one or more employers represented by the employers’ organization are required to be members of a trade union.

(2)  If the Board is satisfied that an employee because of the employee’s religious conviction or religious belief

                                 (a)    objects to joining a trade union, or

                                 (b)    objects to the paying of dues or other assessments to a trade union,

the Board may order that the provisions of a collective agreement of the type referred to in subsection (1) do not apply to the employee and that the employee is not required to join the trade union, to be or to continue to be a member of the trade union, or to pay any dues, fees or assessments to the trade union, if amounts equal to any initiation fees, dues or other assessments are paid by the employee to, or are remitted by the employer to, a charitable organization agreed on by the employee and the trade union.

(3)  If the employee and the trade union fail to agree on a charitable organization for the purpose of subsection (2), the Board may designate a charitable organization registered as a charitable organization in Canada under Part I of the Income Tax Act (Canada) to which the amounts referred to in that subsection must be paid or remitted.

1988 cL-1.2 s27

Division 4
Employers
Organizations

Capacity of employers organization

30(1)  For the purposes of this Act, an employers’ organization is capable of

                                 (a)    prosecuting and being prosecuted, and

                                 (b)    suing and being sued.

(2)  An employers’ organization and its acts are not unlawful by reason only that one or more of its objects are in restraint of trade to the extent that those objects are necessary for carrying out its duties under this Act.

1988 cL-1.2 s28

Suspension or expulsion from employers organization

31   No employers’ organization shall expel or suspend any of its members, or take disciplinary action against or impose any form of penalty on any person for any reason other than a failure to pay the periodic dues, assessments and initiation fees uniformly required to be paid by all members of the employers’ organization as a condition of acquiring or retaining membership in the employers’ organization, unless that person has been

                                 (a)    served personally or by double registered mail with specific charges in writing, and

                                 (b)    given a reasonable time to prepare the person’s defence.

1988 cL-1.2 s29

Division 5
Certification

Applications for certification

32   A trade union may apply to the Board to be certified as the bargaining agent for the employees in a unit that the trade union considers appropriate for collective bargaining.

1988 cL-1.2 s30

Evidence in support of application for certification

33   An application for certification shall be supported by evidence, in a form satisfactory to the Board, that

                                 (a)    at least 40% of the employees in the unit applied for, by

                                           (i)    maintaining membership in good standing in the trade union, or

                                          (ii)    applying for membership in the trade union and paying on their own behalf a sum of not less than $2 not longer than 90 days before the date the application for certification was made,

                                          or both, have indicated their support for the trade union, or

                                 (b)    at least 40% of the employees in the unit applied for have, not longer than 90 days before the date the application for certification was made, indicated in writing their selection of the trade union to be the bargaining agent on their behalf.

1988 cL-1.2 s31

Inquiry into certification application

34(1)  Before granting an application for certification, the Board shall satisfy itself, after any investigation that it considers necessary, that

                                 (a)    the applicant is a trade union,

                                 (b)    the application is timely,

                                 (c)    the unit applied for, or a unit reasonably similar to it, is an appropriate unit for collective bargaining,

                                 (d)    the employees in the unit the Board considers an appropriate unit for collective bargaining have voted, at a representation vote conducted by the Board, to select the trade union as their bargaining agent, and

                                 (e)    the application is not prohibited by section 38.

Certification representation vote in construction industry

34.1 A person is not eligible to vote in a representation vote referred to in section 34(1)(d) in respect of the certification of a trade union as bargaining agent with respect to employees and their employer who are engaged in work in the construction industry unless all of the following apply:

                                 (a) the person was an employee of that employer for at least the 30-day period immediately preceding the date of the application for certification;

(2)  Before conducting a representation vote the Board shall satisfy itself, on the basis of the evidence submitted in support of the application and the Board’s investigation in respect of that evidence, that at the time of the application for certification the union had the support, in the form set out in section 33(a) or (b), of at least 40% of the employees in the unit applied for.

(3)  The Board shall conduct any representation vote and shall complete its inquiries into and consideration of an application for certification as soon as possible.

1988 cL-1.2 s32

Appropriate unit

35(1)  In processing an application for certification,

                                 (a)    the Board may accept the unit applied for if, in the opinion of the Board, that unit is an appropriate unit for collective bargaining, or

                                 (b)    the Board may

                                           (i)    alter or amend the description of the unit applied for,

                                          (ii)    include employees in or exclude employees from the unit applied for, or the unit as altered or amended, or

                                         (iii)    do any other things it considers appropriate,

                                          if, in the opinion of the Board, any altered or amended unit is reasonably similar to the unit applied for and is appropriate for collective bargaining.

(2)  Certifications for firefighters shall be granted on the basis that all firefighters of an employer shall be included in one bargaining unit.

1988 cL-1.2 s33;1995 cM-2.5 s3

Joint application by trade unions

36(1)  Two or more trade unions that together claim to have been selected by at least 40% of the employees in a unit that the trade unions consider appropriate for collective bargaining may join in an application for certification as a bargaining agent.

(2)  When 2 or more trade unions join in an application in accordance with subsection (1), this Division applies to the trade unions in respect of the joint application and to all matters arising from the joint application as if the application had been made by one trade union.

1988 cL-1.2 s34

Timeliness of application for certification

37(1)  No application for certification shall be made without the Board’s consent

                                 (a)    until at least 60 days after the applicant has complied with section 24(1)(a), or

                                 (b)    while a lawful strike or lawful lockout is in effect.

(2)  An application for certification may be made,

                                 (a)    if no collective agreement or certification of a bargaining agent is in effect in respect of any employees in the unit, at any time,

                                 (b)    if a bargaining agent has been certified in respect of any of the employees in the unit, at any time after the expiration of 10 months from the date of the certification of the bargaining agent, unless a collective agreement has been entered into by the bargaining agent,

                                 (c)    if the certification of a bargaining agent in respect of any of the employees in the unit is questioned or reviewed by the Court, at any time after the expiration of 10 months from the date of the final disposition of the question or review, unless the Court quashes the decision of the Board to certify the bargaining agent,

                                 (d)    if a collective agreement for a term of 2 years or less is in force in respect of any of the employees in the unit, at any time in the 2 months immediately preceding the end of the term of the collective agreement, or

                                 (e)    if a collective agreement for a term of more than 2 years is in force in respect of any of the employees in the unit, at any time

                                           (i)    in the 11th or 12th month of the 2nd or any subsequent year of the term, or

                                          (ii)    in the 2 months immediately preceding the end of the term.

(3)  Notwithstanding subsection (2), no application shall be made under clause (e)(i) of that subsection unless the application is made at least 10 months prior to the end of the term of the collective agreement.

1988 cL-1.2 s35;1989 c17 s11

Prohibitions on certification

38(1)  A trade union shall not be certified as a bargaining agent if its administration, management or policy is, in the opinion of the Board,

                                 (a)    dominated by an employer, or

                                 (b)    influenced by an employer so that the trade union’s fitness to represent employees for the purposes of collective bargaining is impaired.

(2)  A trade union shall not be certified as a bargaining agent if, in the opinion of the Board, picketing of the place of employment of the employees affected, or elsewhere, directly resulted in

                                 (a)    employees becoming members of the trade union,

                                 (b)    employees applying for membership in the trade union, or

                                 (c)    employees indicating in writing their selection of the trade union to be the bargaining agent on their behalf.

1988 cL-1.2 s36

Certification

39   When the Board is satisfied with respect to the matters referred to in section 34(1) and satisfied, after considering any other relevant matter, that the trade union should be certified, the Board shall grant a certificate to the applicant trade union naming the employer and describing the unit in respect of which the trade union is certified as the bargaining agent.

1988 cL-1.2 s37

Effect of certification

40(1)  When a trade union becomes a certified bargaining agent, it

                                 (a)    has exclusive authority to bargain collectively on behalf of the employees in the unit for which it is certified and to bind them by a collective agreement, and

                                 (b)    immediately replaces any other bargaining agent for employees in the unit for which it is certified.

(2)  When a trade union becomes a certified bargaining agent for employees in a unit, the certification of any trade union previously certified as the bargaining agent for any employees in the unit is revoked to the extent that the certification relates to those employees.

(3)  When a trade union becomes a certified bargaining agent for employees in a unit and at the time of certification a collective agreement is in force respecting those employees, the trade union

                                 (a)    becomes a party to the collective agreement in place of the bargaining agent that was a party to the collective agreement in respect of the employees in the unit, and

                                 (b)    may, insofar as the collective agreement applies to the employees and notwithstanding anything contained in the collective agreement, terminate the agreement at any time by giving the employer at least 2 months’ notice in writing.

(4)  Subsection (3) does not apply to a trade union that becomes certified for a unit in respect of which it was already bound by a collective agreement negotiated as a result of voluntary collective bargaining.

1988 cL-1.2 s38

Consolidation of certificates

41(1)  One or more certified bargaining agents may apply to the Board for the consolidation of certificates of one or more bargaining agents into a consolidated certificate.

(2)  When the Board, after any inquiry it considers necessary, is satisfied that the certificates of the bargaining agents should be consolidated, the Board shall issue a consolidated certificate

                                 (a)    naming the trade union or trade unions as the certified bargaining agent or agents,

                                 (b)    naming the employer in respect of which the trade union or trade unions are certified as bargaining agent or agents, and

                                 (c)    describing the unit in respect of which the trade union or trade unions are certified as bargaining agent or agents.

(3)  When a consolidated certificate is issued, the Board may declare which collective agreements, if any, shall continue in force and which collective agreements, if any, shall terminate.

1988 cL-1.2 s39

Division 6
Voluntary Recognition

Voluntary recognition

42   Subject to this Act, an employer has the right to bargain collectively with a voluntarily recognized trade union acting on behalf of the employer’s employees or a unit of them.

1988 cL-1.2 s40

Collective bargaining with voluntarily recognized trade union

43(1)  An employer who is a party to or bound by a collective agreement entered into as a result of voluntary collective bargaining, if served with a notice to bargain collectively with a trade union in accordance with section 59(2), may not refuse to bargain collectively in accordance with the notice unless, at least 6 months prior to the expiry date set out in the collective agreement, the employer served the trade union with notice of the employer’s intention to terminate the employer’s recognition of the trade union and to refuse to bargain collectively.

(2)  If a trade union receives a notice under subsection (1), the trade union may apply to the Board to become certified for the unit to which the notice relates, notwithstanding section 37(2)(d) or (e).

1988 cL-1.2 s41

Extension of certificate

44   Where a trade union

                                 (a)    is the certified bargaining agent on behalf of a unit of employees,

                                 (b)    has bargained a collective agreement on behalf of any other employees of the same employer, and

                                 (c)    is served with a notice of intention to terminate recognition pursuant to section 43 in respect of those other employees,

the trade union may apply to the Board to vary the original certificate and, on receipt of the application, and after conducting any votes and inquiries that the Board considers necessary, the Board may vary or decline to vary the certificate in question.

1988 cL-1.2 s42

Division 7
Modification of Bargaining Rights

Modification of certification of a bargaining agent

45   The Board may, on the application of any trade union or employer affected, modify the description of a bargaining unit contained in any certificate if it is satisfied that

                                 (a)    the former certificate no longer appropriately describes the circumstances of collective bargaining between the parties,

                                 (b)    the modification is not such as may call into question the union’s majority support within the bargaining unit, and

                                 (c)    it is otherwise appropriate to make the modification.

1988 cL-1.2 s43

Effect of sale of business

46(1)  When a business or undertaking or part of it is sold, leased, transferred or merged with another business or undertaking or part of it, or otherwise disposed of so that the control, management or supervision of it passes to the purchaser, lessee, transferee or person acquiring it, that purchaser, lessee, transferee or person is, where there have been proceedings under this Act, bound by those proceedings and the proceedings shall continue as if no change had occurred, and

                                 (a)    if a trade union is certified, the certification remains in effect and applies to the purchaser, lessee, transferee or person acquiring the business or undertaking or part of it, and

                                 (b)    if a collective agreement is in force, the collective agreement binds the purchaser, lessee, transferee or person acquiring the business or undertaking or part of it as if the collective agreement had been signed by that person.

(2)  Where a question arises under this section, the Board, on the application of any employer, trade union or person affected, may determine what rights, privileges and duties have been acquired or retained and the Board may, for that purpose, make any inquiries and direct the taking of any votes that it considers necessary and decide any questions arising under this section, and

                                 (a)    the Board may determine and declare which trade union is or which trade unions shall be the bargaining agent or agents for a unit or units of employees of the purchaser, lessee, transferee or person acquiring the business or undertaking or part of it,

                                 (b)    if a trade union or trade unions are certified with respect to the business or undertaking or part of it, or with respect to the purchaser, lessee, transferee or person acquiring the business or undertaking or part of it, the Board may amend or revoke any certificate and determine and declare that one or more certificates or certificates as amended are in effect or remain in effect and apply to the purchaser, lessee, transferee or person acquiring the business or undertaking or part of it,

                                 (c)    if one or more collective agreements are in force with respect to the business or undertaking or part of it, or with respect to the purchaser, lessee, transferee or person acquiring the business or undertaking or part of it, the Board may cancel any of those agreements or amend any of those agreements with respect to the employees covered by the agreements and determine and declare that one or more collective agreements or collective agreements as amended are in effect or remain in effect and bind the purchaser, lessee, transferee or person acquiring the business or undertaking or part of it, and

                                 (d)    if there are proceedings under this Act before the date of sale, lease, transfer or other disposition of the business or undertaking or part of it, the Board may determine and declare whether those proceedings are binding on or the extent to which those proceedings are binding on the purchaser, lessee, transferee or person acquiring the business or undertaking or part of it.

1988 cL-1.2 s44

Spin-offs

47(1)  On the application of an employer or a trade union affected, when, in the opinion of the Board, associated or related activities or businesses, undertakings or other activities are carried on under common control or direction by or through more than one corporation, partnership, person or association of persons, the Board may declare the corporations, partnerships, persons or associations of persons to be one employer for the purposes of this Act.

(2)  If, in an application under subsection (1), the Board considers that activities or businesses, undertakings or other activities are carried on by or through more than one corporation, partnership, person or association of persons in order to avoid a collective bargaining relationship, the Board shall make a declaration under subsection (1) with respect to those corporations, partnerships, persons or associations and the Board may grant any relief, by way of declaration or otherwise, that it considers appropriate, effective as of the date on which the application was made or any subsequent date.

(3)  This section does not apply with respect to employers engaged in the construction industry in respect of work in that industry.

1988 cL-1.2 s45

Governing bodies

48(1)  In this section, “governing body” means

                                 (a)    a city, town, village or summer village,

                                 (b)    a municipal district,

                                 (c)    a board of trustees of a school district or division,

                                 (d)    the owner or operator of a non-regional hospital as defined in the Hospitals Act, or

                                 (e)    a regional health authority.

(2)  When a governing body is incorporated or established and replaces or takes the place in whole or in part of another or other governing bodies or when one or more governing bodies are in whole or in part formed into, incorporated into or annexed to another governing body or governing bodies, the Board may on the application of any governing body or trade union affected

                                 (a)    declare which governing body is bound by proceedings under this Act,

                                 (b)    determine whether the employees concerned constitute one or more appropriate units for collective bargaining,

                                 (c)    declare which trade union is or which trade unions are, if any, to be the bargaining agent or agents on behalf of the employees,

                                 (d)    amend, to the extent the Board considers necessary, any certificate issued to any trade union or any bargaining unit defined in any collective agreement, and

                                 (e)    declare which collective agreement, if any, shall continue in force and to what extent it shall continue in force and which collective agreement, if any, shall terminate,

and before disposing of the application under this subsection, the Board may make any inquiries, require the production of any evidence and the doing of any things or conduct any votes that it considers appropriate.

RSA 2000 cL-1 s48;2003 c6 s3

Successor trade union

49(1)  When a trade union claims that, by reason of a merger or amalgamation or a transfer of jurisdiction of a trade union, it is the successor of a trade union that at the time of the merger, amalgamation or transfer of jurisdiction was the bargaining agent for a unit of employees of an employer, the Board in any proceedings before it or on the application of any person or trade union concerned may declare that the successor trade union has acquired the rights, privileges and duties under this Act of its predecessor.

(2)  Before issuing a declaration under subsection (1), the Board may make any inquiries, require the production of any evidence or conduct any votes that it considers appropriate.

(3)  When the Board makes a declaration under subsection (1), the successor trade union is deemed to have acquired the rights, privileges and duties of its predecessor, whether under a collective agreement or otherwise.

1988 cL-1.2 s47

Division 8
Revocation of Bargaining Rights

Definition

50   In this Division, “bargaining rights” means those rights held by a trade union with respect to a unit of employees of an employer,

                                 (a)    arising out of a certification granted by the Board, or

                                 (b)    arising as a result of the employer’s having voluntarily entered into a collective agreement with the trade union, and any subsisting obligation to bargain with the trade union arising as a result of any notice to bargain given pursuant to this Act or the collective agreement, unless the employer has given notice of the employer’s intention to terminate recognition pursuant to section 43(1), and only insofar as the dispute arising out of any notice to bargain continues.

1988 cL-1.2 s48

Application for revocation of bargaining rights

51(1)  An application to revoke bargaining rights may be made by the trade union, the employees within the unit, or the employer or former employer to whom the bargaining rights relate.

(2)  If an application for revocation of bargaining rights is made by the employees within the unit, the application shall be supported by evidence, in a form satisfactory to the Board, that at least 40% of the employees within the unit have indicated in writing their support for the revocation of the bargaining rights of the trade union.

1988 cL-1.2 s49

Timeliness of application for revocation

52(1)  No application for revocation of bargaining rights may be made without the Board’s consent while a lawful strike or lawful lockout is in effect.

(2)  An application for revocation of bargaining rights may be made by the trade union at any time when there is no collective agreement in effect.

(3)  An application for revocation of bargaining rights may be made by the employees in the unit

                                 (a)    if no collective agreement is in force in respect of any of the employees in the unit, at any time after the expiration of 10 months from the date of the certification of the trade union, and at any time if the trade union is not certified,

                                 (b)    if the certification of a bargaining agent in respect of any of the employees in the unit is questioned or reviewed by the Court, at any time after the expiration of 10 months from the date of the final disposition of the question or review, unless the Court quashes the decision of the Board to certify the bargaining agent,

                                 (c)    if a collective agreement for a term of 2 years or less is in force in respect of any of the employees in the unit, at any time in the 2 months immediately preceding the end of the term of the collective agreement, or

                                 (d)    if a collective agreement for a term of more than 2 years is in force in respect of any of the employees in the unit, at any time

                                           (i)    in the 11th or 12th month of the 2nd or any subsequent year of the term, or

                                          (ii)    in the 2 months immediately preceding the end of the term.

(4)  Notwithstanding subsection (3), no application may be made under clause (d)(i) of that subsection unless the application is made at least 10 months prior to the end of the term of the collective agreement.

(5)  An application for revocation of bargaining rights may be made by an employer or former employer only if the employer or former employer and the bargaining agent have not bargained collectively for a period of 3 years

                                 (a)    after the date of certification, if no collective agreement has been entered into affecting the employer or former employer and the bargaining agent, or

                                 (b)    after the first date fixed for the termination of the collective agreement, if a collective agreement has been entered into affecting the employer or former employer and the trade union.

1988 cL-1.2 s50

Inquiry into revocation application

53(1)  Before granting an application for revocation, the Board shall satisfy itself, after any investigation that it considers necessary, that

                                 (a)    the application is timely,

                                 (b)    in the case of an application by an employer or by the employees in the unit, the employees have voted, at a representation vote conducted by the Board, in favour of the revocation of bargaining rights of the trade union as their bargaining agent,

                                 (c)    in the case of an application by a former employer

                                           (i)    the bargaining agent has abandoned its bargaining rights, or

                                          (ii)    there have been no employees in the unit represented by the trade union for a period of at least 3 years.

(2)  Before conducting a representation vote on an application for revocation brought by employees, the Board shall satisfy itself, on the basis of the evidence submitted in support of the application and the Board’s investigation in respect of that evidence, that at the time of the application for revocation 40% of the employees within the unit indicated in writing their support for the application for revocation.

(3)  The Board shall conduct any representation vote and shall complete its inquiries into and consideration of an application for revocation of bargaining rights as soon as possible.

1988 cL-1.2 s51

Revocation of bargaining rights

54(1)  When the Board is satisfied with respect to the matters referred to in section 53(1) and satisfied, after considering any other relevant matter, that the bargaining rights of the trade union should be revoked, the Board shall grant a declaration that the trade union’s bargaining rights are revoked, and revoke any certification.

(2)  When the bargaining rights of a trade union are revoked,

                                 (a)    the employer is not required to bargain collectively with the trade union,

                                 (b)    any collective agreement in effect at the time of the revocation becomes void and of no effect with respect to that employer and that employer’s employees in the unit represented by that trade union, and

                                 (c)    the trade union shall not negotiate or enter into a collective agreement or apply for certification for the same or substantially the same unit with the employer to whom the bargaining rights relate for a period of 6 months from the date of the revocation of the bargaining rights.

1988 cL-1.2 s52

Revocation without application

55(1)  Notwithstanding sections 51 to 54(1), the Board may at any time give notice of its intention to revoke the bargaining rights of a trade union to the trade union and the employer or employers’ organization affected by the proposed revocation.

(2)  If the Board receives an objection to the proposed revocation of bargaining rights within 60 days after giving the notification referred to in subsection (1), it shall not revoke the bargaining rights pursuant to the notice.

(3)  The Board may make rules governing the form of notice to be given under this section, including, in cases where the Board has reason to believe that the trade union, employer or employers’ organization is no longer in existence, rules dispensing with notice.

1988 cL-1.2 s53

Division 9
General Provisions on Certification and Voluntary Recognition

Continuation of collective agreement not a bar to certain applications

56   When notice to commence collective bargaining has been served by either party to a collective agreement and by operation of law or by agreement of the parties the agreement continues beyond the date fixed for the termination of the agreement, the continuation is not a bar to an application for

                                 (a)    certification as a bargaining agent,

                                 (b)    revocation of the certification of a bargaining agent,

                                 (c)    a declaration that a bargaining agent is no longer entitled to bargain collectively, or

                                 (d)    cancellation of a registration certificate.

1988 cL-1.2 s54

Overriding provision concerning application

57   Notwithstanding anything in this Act, if an application for

                                 (a)    certification as a bargaining agent,

                                 (b)    revocation of the certification of a bargaining agent,

                                 (c)    a declaration that a bargaining agent is no longer entitled to bargain collectively,

                                 (d)    registration of an employers’ organization, or

                                 (e)    cancellation of the registration certificate of an employers’ organization,

has been refused by the Board or withdrawn by the applicant, the applicant shall not, without the consent of the Board, make the same or substantially the same application until after the expiration of 90 days from the date of the refusal or withdrawal.

1988 cL-1.2 s55

Representation vote

58(1)  A representation vote shall be decided on the basis of a majority of the ballots cast by employees in the bargaining unit.

(2)  For the purposes of conducting any representation vote, the Board may deem a person to be an employee or not to be an employee on a given date where in the Board’s opinion it is appropriate to do so.

1988 cL-1.2 s56

Division 10
Collective Bargaining

Notice to commence collective bargaining

59(1)  When a certified bargaining agent, an employer or an employers’ organization wishes to commence collective bargaining,

                                 (a)    the certified bargaining agent may serve on the employer or employers’ organization, or

                                 (b)    the employer or employers’ organization may serve on the certified bargaining agent,

a notice to commence collective bargaining.

(2)  Subject to section 43(1), when a collective agreement is in effect, either party to the collective agreement may, not less than 60 days and not more than 120 days preceding the expiry of the term of the collective agreement or within any longer period that may be provided for in the collective agreement, by notice in writing, require the other party to the collective agreement to commence collective bargaining.

1988 cL-1.2 s57

Commencement of bargaining

60(1)  When a notice to commence collective bargaining has been served under this Division, the bargaining agent and the employer or employers’ organization, not more than 30 days after notice is served, shall

                                 (a)    meet and commence, or cause authorized representatives to meet and commence, to bargain collectively in good faith, and

                                 (b)    make every reasonable effort to enter into a collective agreement.

(2)  The bargaining agent and the employer or employers’ organization shall exchange bargaining proposals within 15 days after the first time they meet for the purpose of collective bargaining or within any longer time agreed on by the parties.

(3)  No employer, employers’ organization or bargaining agent and no authorized representative acting on behalf of any of them, after having served or having been served with a notice to commence collective bargaining pursuant to this Division, shall refuse or fail to comply with subsections (1) and (2).

1988 cL-1.2 s58

Representatives for collective bargaining

61(1)  A notice to commence collective bargaining must contain or be accompanied with a statement showing the name and address of the person or persons resident in Alberta who are authorized to do all of the following on behalf of the employer, employers’ organization or bargaining agent:

                                 (a)    bargain collectively;

                                 (b)    conclude a collective agreement;

                                 (c)    sign a collective agreement.

(2)  When an employer, employers’ organization or bargaining agent is served with a notice to commence collective bargaining, it shall forthwith serve on the other party to the collective bargaining a statement showing the name and address of the person or persons resident in Alberta who are authorized to do the things referred to in subsection (1) on behalf of the employer, employers’ organization or bargaining agent.

(3)  In addition to the statements referred to in subsections (1) and (2), the parties to the collective bargaining shall exchange the names and addresses of the persons who comprise the bargaining committees appointed to bargain on behalf of the parties.

(4)  The bargaining committee appointed to bargain on behalf of a party must include at least one representative from the employers or trade union locals, as the case may be, on whose behalf the negotiations are being conducted.

(5)  Any changes with respect to the persons referred to in subsections (1) to (3) shall forthwith be given to the other party to the collective bargaining.

(6)  On the written request of the other party to the collective bargaining, the employer, employers’ organization or bargaining agent shall advise the other party whether the authority to bargain of the person or group of persons referred to in subsections (1) to (3) is subject to ratification and, if so, by whom.

(7)  If a party to the collective bargaining has advised the other party of a ratification procedure pursuant to subsection (6), the procedure shall not be changed unless the other party is notified in writing of the change.

(8)  All notifications required by this section shall, on request, be provided to the Director or a mediator.

1988 cL-1.2 s59

Authorization of employers organization

62(1)  When an employers’ organization serves notice to commence collective bargaining, the notice must contain or be accompanied with

                                 (a)    a current list of the names and addresses of the employers on whose behalf the employers’ organization is authorized to bargain collectively, and

                                 (b)    a copy of each authorization given by the employers.

(2)  When an employers’ organization is served with a notice to commence collective bargaining, it shall, within 10 days after the day on which it receives the notice, serve on the bargaining agent the lists and authorizations referred to in subsection (1).

(3)  An employers’ organization shall file a copy of the lists and authorizations served under subsection (1) or (2) with the Director forthwith after it serves or is served with a notice to commence collective bargaining.

(4)  On service of the lists and authorizations in accordance with subsection (1) or (2), as the case may be, the employers’ organization is deemed to be bargaining collectively for all the employers who are named in the list and who gave their authorization.

(5)  An employer may be added to the list of employers on whose behalf the employers’ organization is deemed to be bargaining collectively if

                                 (a)    the bargaining agent and the employers’ organization agree to add the employer to the list, and

                                 (b)    an authorization of the employer is served forthwith on the bargaining agent and on the Director.

(6)  An authorization under this section may be given by a director or other official of the employer and, on being given, that authorization is deemed to be the authorization of the employer.

(7)  When an employer has authorized an employers’ organization to bargain collectively on the employer’s behalf, the authorization may not be revoked until

                                 (a)    a collective agreement has been entered into between the employers’ organization and the bargaining agent, or

                                 (b)    a lawful strike or lawful lockout commences in accordance with this Act,

whichever first occurs.

1988 cL-1.2 s60

Service during collective bargaining

63(1)  Subject to this Act and any rules made by the Board under section 12(2)(g), anything that is required or permitted to be served under this Division or Divisions 11 to 13 is deemed to be properly served if it is served,

                                 (a)    in the case of service on an individual,

                                           (i)    personally or by leaving it for the individual at the individual’s last or most usual place of abode with some person who appears to be at least 18 years old, or

                                          (ii)    by sending it to the individual by registered or certified mail at the individual’s last known postal address;

                                 (b)    in the case of service on a corporation,

                                           (i)    personally on a director, manager or officer of the corporation or by leaving it for the director, manager or officer at the director’s, manager’s or officer’s address with some person who appears to be at least 18 years old, or

                                          (ii)    by leaving it at or by sending it by registered or certified mail to the registered office of a corporation or to the office of the attorney of an extra‑provincial corporation;

                                 (c)    in the case of service on a trade union or employers’ organization,

                                           (i)    personally on the president, secretary or an officer of the trade union or employers’ organization or by leaving it at the president’s, secretary’s or officer’s address with some person who appears to be at least 18 years old, or

                                          (ii)    by sending it by registered or certified mail to the address of the president, secretary or an officer of the trade union or employers’ organization;

                                 (d)    in the case of service on an employer, employers’ organization or trade union that is represented by a bargaining committee,

                                           (i)    personally on the chair or any member of the bargaining committee or by leaving it at the chair’s or member’s address with a person who appears to be at least 18 years old, or

                                          (ii)    by sending it by registered or certified mail to the address of the chair or any member of the bargaining committee.

(2)  Service on the chair or a member of the bargaining committee of an employer or employers’ organization is also good service on the employers represented by that bargaining committee.

(3)  Service on the chair or a member of the bargaining committee of a trade union is also good service on the trade union and on the employees represented by that trade union.

(4)  If it is necessary to prove service of anything under this section,

                                 (a)    if service is effected personally, the date on which it is served is the date of service,

                                 (b)    if service is effected by registered mail or certified mail, service of it is deemed to have occurred 7 days after the date of mailing, and

                                 (c)    if service is effected by leaving it with a person, service of it is deemed to have been made on the date it was so left.

1988 cL-1.2 s61

Division 11
Mediation and Enhanced Mediation

Informal mediation

64   Any time after a notice to commence collective bargaining is served, either or both parties to the collective bargaining may request the Director to provide the services of a mediator to informally assist in the negotiation process.

1988 cL-1.2 s62

Appointment of mediator

65(1)  Any time after a notice to commence collective bargaining is served under section 59, whether or not a mediator has been made available under section 64,

                                 (a)    either or both parties to a dispute may request the Director to appoint a mediator, or

                                 (b)    the Minister may require the Director to appoint a mediator,

to assist the parties in resolving the dispute.

(2)  The Director

                                 (a)    may appoint a mediator if the Director receives a request under subsection (1)(a), and

                                 (b)    shall appoint a mediator if the Director receives a request under subsection (1)(b).

(3)  The mediator shall, in any manner that the mediator considers fit, inquire into the dispute and endeavour to effect a settlement.

(4)  During the mediator’s inquiry the mediator shall

                                 (a)    hear any representations made to the mediator by the parties to the dispute,

                                 (b)    mediate between the parties to the dispute, and

                                 (c)    encourage the parties to the dispute to effect a settlement.

(5)  If no settlement is effected between the parties within 14 days after the later of

                                 (a)    the date of the appointment of the mediator under subsection (2), or

                                 (b)    if a vote is conducted on an offer under section 69, the date on which the parties are notified of the results of the vote

or within any longer period agreed on by the parties to the dispute or fixed by the Director, the mediator shall do either of the things referred to in subsection (6).

(6)  If subsection (5) applies, the mediator shall

                                 (a)    recommend terms for settlement to the parties for them to accept or reject within a time fixed by the mediator, or

                                 (b)    notify the parties that the mediator does not intend to make a recommendation under clause (a).

(7)  There shall be a cooling-0ffperiod of 14 days from the latest of

                                 (a)    the date on which the mediator notifies the parties that the mediator does not intend to recommend terms of settlement,

                                 (b)    the date fixed by the mediator for acceptance or rejection of the recommendations of the mediator under subsection (6)(a), and

                                 (c)    if a vote is requested under section 66, the date on which the parties are notified of the results of the vote.

1988 cL-1.2 s63

Collective agreement after recommendations

66(1)  If the parties to a dispute accept the recommendations of the mediator under section 65(6)(a), the parties shall notify the mediator accordingly and the recommendations are binding on the parties and shall be included in the terms of a collective agreement.

(2)  If a party rejects the recommendations of the mediator under section 65(6)(a), the party shall notify the mediator accordingly.

(3)  If one party to the dispute accepts the recommendations of the mediator under section 65(6)(a) within the time fixed by the mediator under section 65(6)(a), the party may request the Board to conduct a vote on the acceptance or rejection of the recommendations by the other party in accordance with Division 12.

(4)  A party to a dispute that accepts the recommendations made by the mediator pursuant to section 65(6)(a) ceases to be bound by the acceptance

                                 (a)    if a vote of the other party is requested, at the time a vote rejecting the proposal is announced under section 70, or

                                 (b)    if no vote is requested, at the expiry of the time fixed for the other party’s acceptance under section 65(6)(a)

unless the other party also accepts the terms of settlement.

1988 cL-1.2 s64

Questions on recommendations

67   If a question arises requiring clarification of the recommendations of a mediator, the mediator, at the request of one or both parties, may consider and decide the question.

1988 cL-1.2 s65

Division 12
Votes on Proposals

Vote on mediators recommendations

68(1)  When the Board receives a request from a party to conduct a vote on a mediator’s recommendations under section 66(3), it shall conduct a vote or poll in accordance with this Division.

(2)  If the mediator has been requested to consider and decide a question under section 67, the Board may delay the conduct of the vote or poll under section 66(3) until the mediator decides the question.

1988 cL-1.2 s66

Vote on offer

69(1)  At any time after the exchange of proposals under section 60, either party to the collective bargaining may apply to the Board to conduct a vote as to the acceptance or rejection of its most recent offer presented to the other party.

(2)  If a party applies to the Board under subsection (1), the Board shall, if it is satisfied that the offer, if accepted, could form a collective agreement, conduct a vote or poll in accordance with this Division.

(3)  Each party is entitled to apply for a vote or poll under this section only once during each dispute. 

1988 cL-1.2 s67

Conduct of vote

70(1)  On receipt of a request under section 66(3) or 69(1), the Board shall

                                 (a)    in the case where the party with respect to which the vote is to be conducted is a bargaining agent, conduct a vote of the employees affected by the dispute who are represented by the bargaining agent,

                                 (b)    in the case where the party with respect to which the vote is to be conducted is an employers’ organization, conduct a vote of the employers affected by the dispute who are represented by the employers’ organization, and

                                 (c)    in the case where the party with respect to which the vote is to be conducted is an employer, poll the employer

on the acceptance or rejection of the recommendations of the mediator or the offer, as the case may be.

(2)  When the Board polls an employer or conducts a vote under subsection (1), it shall do so as soon as practicable and shall notify the parties to the dispute and the mediator, if any, of the results of the poll or vote on its conclusion.

(3)  If an employer who is polled or a majority of those employees or employers who vote under this section and the other party to the dispute are in favour of accepting the recommendations of the mediator or the offer, as the case may be, the recommendations or offer is binding on the parties and shall be included in the terms of a collective agreement.

(4)  Notwithstanding subsection (3), if the ratification procedure referred to in section 61(6) for an employers’ organization requires ratification by the employers on a weighted vote system, a vote for acceptance or rejection of the recommendations of the mediator or the offer, as the case may be, by the employers shall be determined on the basis of that weighted vote system.

1988 cL-1.2 s68

Division 13
Strikes and Lockouts

No strike unless permitted

71   No employees, no bargaining agent and no person acting on their behalf shall strike or cause a strike or threaten to strike or to cause a strike unless that strike is permitted by this Act.

1988 cL-1.2 s69

No lockout unless permitted

72   No employer, no employers’ organization and no person acting on their behalf shall lock out or cause a lockout or threaten to lock out or to cause a lockout unless that lockout is permitted by this Act.

1988 cL-1.2 s70

Conditions under which strike permitted

73   An employee, bargaining agent or person acting on behalf of a bargaining agent is entitled to strike or cause a strike if

                                 (a)    no collective agreement is in force, other than as a result of section 130,

                                 (b)    a strike vote was held under this Division

                                           (i)    that remains current,

                                          (ii)    for which the results have been filed with the Board, and

                                         (iii)    that resulted in a majority in favour of a strike,

                                 (c)    strike notice is given in accordance with this Division,

                                 (d)    the strike commences on the day and at the time and location specified in the strike notice or, if an amendment to the strike notice is agreed to and is permitted under this Division, on the day and at the time and location specified in the amended strike notice, and

                                 (e)    in a case where a disputes inquiry board is established before the commencement of the strike, the time limits referred to in section 105(3) have expired.

1988 cL-1.2 s71

Conditions under which lockout permitted

74   An employer or employers’ organization is entitled to cause a lockout if

                                 (a)    no collective agreement is in force, other than as a result of section 130,

                                 (b)    a lockout vote was held under this Division

                                           (i)    that remains current,

                                          (ii)    for which the results have been filed with the Board, and

                                         (iii)    that resulted in a majority in favour of a lockout,

                                 (c)    lockout notice is given in accordance with this Division,

                                 (d)    the lockout commences on the day and at the time and location specified in the lockout notice or, if an amendment to the lockout notice is agreed to and is permitted under this Division, on the day and at the time and location specified in the amended lockout notice, and

                                 (e)    in a case where a disputes inquiry board is established before the commencement of the lockout, the time limits referred to in section 105(3) have expired.

1988 cL-1.2 s72

Application to Board to supervise strike or lockout vote

75(1)  A bargaining agent that is a party to a dispute may apply to the Board to supervise a strike vote, and an employer or employers’ organization that is a party to a dispute may apply to the Board to supervise a lockout vote.

(2)  No strike or lockout vote shall be supervised while a collective agreement is in force unless that agreement is in force pursuant to section 130.

(3)  No strike or lockout vote shall be supervised until a mediator has been appointed under section 65 and the cooling-0ffperiod referred to in subsection (7) of that section has expired.

1988 cL-1.2 s73

Supervision of strike or lockout vote

76(1)  On receipt of an application under section 75 to supervise a strike vote, the Board shall,

                                 (a)    if the bargaining agent is in dispute with a single employer, forthwith supervise a vote of the employees of the employer affected by the dispute, or

                                 (b)    if the bargaining agent is in dispute with an employers’ organization, forthwith supervise a vote of the employees of the employers affected by the dispute

on whether the employees wish to strike.

(2)  On receipt of an application under section 75 to supervise a lockout vote, the Board shall

                                 (a)    in the case of a single employer, forthwith poll the employer, and

                                 (b)    in the case of an employers’ organization, forthwith supervise a vote of those employers affected by the dispute

on whether the employer or employers wish to lock out.

(3)  The results of a strike vote or a lockout vote must be determined on the basis of a majority of those persons who actually vote.

(4)  If a question arises with respect to a strike vote or lockout vote, it shall be referred to the Board, whose decision is final and binding.

(5)  In this section,

                                 (a)    “employees of the employer affected by the dispute” or “employees of the employers affected by the dispute”

                                           (i)    means employees of the employer or employers, as the case may be, employed in the unit affected by the dispute at any time during the 60 days preceding the date, or the last date if there is more than one, fixed for taking the strike vote, but

                                          (ii)    does not include employees who are engaged in a project that is the subject of a collective agreement entered into under Part 3, Division 8;

                                 (b)    “employers affected by the dispute” means employers affected by the dispute who have employed any employees referred to in clause (a) entitled to vote at a vote under subsection (1) at any time during the 60 days preceding the date, or the last date if there is more than one, fixed for taking the lockout vote.

1988 cL-1.2 s74;1990 c29 s14

Expiry of vote and right to strike or lock out

77(1)  If no strike or lockout occurs within 120 days after the day on which the strike vote or lockout vote was conducted, the strike or lockout vote is deemed to be void and no person shall strike or lock out or cause a strike or lockout unless a new strike vote or lockout vote has been conducted in accordance with this Division.

(2)  Notwithstanding subsection (1), no strike or lockout vote may be taken with respect to a dispute after the expiry of 2 years from the end of the cooling-0ffperiod referred to in section 65(7).

(3)  If a strike or lockout vote is prohibited under subsection (2), the dispute is deemed to no longer exist.

1988 cL-1.2 s75

Service of strike or lockout notice

78(1)  A bargaining agent shall not cause a strike unless it

                                 (a)    personally serves a written strike notice on the employer or employers’ organization that is a party to the dispute giving at least 72 hours’ notice of the date, time and initial location at which the strike will commence, and

                                 (b)    forthwith after service of the notice referred to in clause (a), notifies the mediator appointed under section 65, giving the mediator notice of the date, time and initial location at which the strike will commence.

(2)  An employer or an employers’ organization shall not lock out or cause a lockout unless it

                                 (a)    personally serves a written lockout notice on the bargaining agent that is a party to the dispute giving at least 72 hours’ notice of the date, time and initial location at which the lockout will commence, and

                                 (b)    forthwith after service of the notice referred to in clause (a), notifies the mediator appointed under section 65, giving the mediator notice of the date, time and initial location at which the lockout will commence.

1988 cL-1.2 s76

Strike or lockout notice extended by agreement

79(1)  If the parties to a dispute agree in writing to do so, a strike notice or a lockout notice may be amended one or more times after it has been served by changing the date, time or initial location or any of them specified for the commencement of the strike or lockout.

(2)  The mediator who was notified under section 78 shall be forthwith notified of any amendment to the strike notice or the lockout notice.

1988 cL-1.2 s77

Strike or lockout notice becomes ineffective

80   If a strike or lockout does not or is not permitted to occur

                                 (a)    on the date and at the time and location specified in the strike notice or lockout notice, or

                                 (b)    if the notice is amended, on the date and at the time and location specified in the amended notice,

the notice becomes ineffective and another notice must be served in accordance with section 78 before the party concerned strikes or locks out or causes a strike or lockout, as the case may be.

1988 cL-1.2 s78

Settlement of strike affecting employers organization

81(1)  When a bargaining agent is entitled to cause a strike and wishes to do so in respect of an employers’ organization, it shall cause the strike in respect of all employers affected by the dispute on whose behalf the employers’ organization bargains collectively.

(2)  When a strike commences affecting employers who authorized an employers’ organization that is not a registered employers’ organization to bargain collectively on their behalf, the bargaining agent may, at any time after the strike commences, make a settlement with any employer.

(3)  When a strike commences that affects employers on whose behalf a registered employers’ organization bargains collectively, the bargaining agent may, 60 days after the date the strike commences, make a settlement with one or more of the employers.

(4)  An employer on whose behalf a registered employers’ organization bargains collectively and the bargaining agent shall not settle the matters in dispute between them during the 60 days following the date the strike commences.

1988 cL-1.2 s79

Settlement of lockout called by employers organization

82(1)  When an employers’ organization is entitled to cause a lockout and wishes to do so, all employers affected by the dispute on whose behalf the employers’ organization bargains collectively shall participate in the lockout.

(2)  When a lockout commences that affects employers who authorized an employers’ organization that is not a registered employers’ organization to bargain collectively on their behalf, an employer may, at any time after the lockout commences, make a settlement with the bargaining agent.

(3)  When a lockout commences that affects employers on whose behalf a registered employers’ organization bargains collectively, an employer may, 60 days after the date the lockout commences, make a settlement with the bargaining agent.

(4)  An employer on whose behalf a registered employers’ organization bargains collectively and the bargaining agent shall not settle the matters in dispute between them during the 60 days following the date the lockout commences.

1988 cL-1.2 s80

Agreement re sections 81 and 82

83(1)  If a settlement of a dispute is effected contrary to section 81 or 82, any agreement arising from that settlement is void and of no effect.

(2)  A settlement under section 81 or 82 remains in effect until the earliest of

                                 (a)    the revocation of the bargaining rights of a trade union,

                                 (b)    either

                                           (i)    the expiry of the term specified in the settlement, or

                                          (ii)    one year, if the term is unspecified,

                                     and

                                 (c)    the entering into a collective agreement between the employers’ organization or registered employers’ organization and the bargaining agent or agents.

1988 cL-1.2 s81

Division 14
Regulation of Strikes, Lockouts and Picketing

Picketing

84(1)  Subject to subsection (2), during a strike or lockout that is permitted under this Act anyone may, at the striking or locked‑out employees’ place of employment and not elsewhere, in connection with any labour relations dispute or difference and without acts that are otherwise unlawful, peacefully engage in picketing to persuade or endeavour to persuade anyone not to

                                 (a)    enter the employer’s place of business, operations or employment,

                                 (b)    deal in or handle the products of the employer, or

                                 (c)    do business with the employer.

(2)  On the application of any person affected by the strike or lockout the Board may, in addition to and without restricting any other powers under this Act including the powers of the Board with respect to section 154,

                                 (a)    determine whether any premises are the place of employment for the purposes of subsection (1), and

                                 (b)    regulate persons and trade unions who act in respect of activities under subsection (1) and by order declare what number of persons may act under that subsection, determine the location and time of that action and make any other declarations that the Board considers advisable.

(3)  When the Board makes a determination or order under subsection (2) it shall consider the following:

                                 (a)    the directness of the interest of persons and trade unions acting under subsection (1),

                                 (b)    violence or the likelihood of violence in connection with actions under subsection (1),

                                 (c)    the desirability of restraining actions under subsection (1) so that the conflict, dispute or difference will not escalate, and

                                 (d)    the right to peaceful free expression of opinion.

(4)  Except in accordance with subsection (1) and any determination or order of the Board under subsection (2), no person shall in connection with a labour relations dispute or difference engage in picketing.

1988 cL-1.2 s82

Refusal to work

85   No employee shall

                                 (a)    refuse to perform work for the employee’s employer for the reason that other work was or will be performed or was not or will not be performed by any person or class of persons who were not or are not members of a trade union or a particular trade union, or

                                 (b)    refuse to take delivery of goods from a carrier or refuse to assist the carrier in the loading of goods for shipment except where the carrier and the carrier’s employees are engaged in a lawful strike or lawful lockout.

1988 cL-1.2 s83

Board powers over unlawful strikes, etc.

86   Where the Board is satisfied that

                                 (a)    a trade union called or authorized or threatened to call or authorize an unlawful strike,

                                 (b)    an officer, official or agent of a trade union counselled, procured, supported or encouraged an unlawful strike or threatened an unlawful strike,

                                 (c)    employees engaged in or threatened to engage in an unlawful strike,

                                 (d)    any person has done or is threatening to do an act and the person knows or ought to know that, as a probable and reasonable consequence of that act, another person or persons will engage in an unlawful strike, or

                                 (e)    a trade union, employee or other person has contravened section 84 or 85,

the Board may, in addition to and without restricting any other powers under this Act, so declare and may direct what action, if any, a person, employee, employer, employers’ organization or trade union and its officers, officials or agents shall do or refrain from doing with respect to the unlawful strike or threat of an unlawful strike or the contravention of section 84 or 85.

1988 cL-1.2 s84

Board powers over unlawful lockout, etc.

87   Where the Board is satisfied that

                                 (a)    an employer or employers’ organization called or authorized or threatened to call or authorize an unlawful lockout, or

                                 (b)    an officer, official or agent of an employer or employers’ organization counselled, procured, supported or encouraged an unlawful lockout or threatened an unlawful lockout,

the Board may, in addition to and without restricting any other powers under this Act, so declare and may direct what action, if any, a person, employee, employer, employers’ organization or trade union and its officers, officials or agents shall do or refrain from doing with respect to the unlawful lockout or threat of an unlawful lockout.

1988 cL-1.2 s85

Effect of directive

88(1)  A directive or interim directive to cease a strike or lockout that is not permitted under this Act, or any directive or interim directive under section 86 or 87, is binding on the employer, employers’ organization, employee, trade union or other person to whom it is directed with respect to the strike or lockout referred to in the directive or interim directive and any future strike or lockout that occurs for the same or substantially the same reason.

(2)  Notwithstanding section 18(6), the Board may file a copy of a directive or interim directive referred to in subsection (1) with the Court and, on filing, the directive is enforceable as a judgment or order of the Court.

(3)  Service of a directive or interim directive under section 86 or 87 in accordance with this Act or any rules or directives of the Board, in addition to being service of the directive or interim directive, is deemed to be service of the judgment or order of the Court under subsection (2) of this section when that directive or interim directive is filed with the Court.

1988 cL-1.2 s86

Employment continues

89   No person ceases to be an employee within the meaning of this Act by reason only of the person ceasing to work as a result of a lawful lockout or a lawful strike.

1988 cL-1.2 s87

Reinstatement of employee

90(1)  When a strike or lockout ends

                                 (a)    as a result of a settlement,

                                 (b)    on the termination of bargaining rights of the bargaining agent, or

                                 (c)    on the expiration of 2 years from the date the strike or lockout commenced,

any employee affected by the dispute whose employment relationship with the employer has not been otherwise lawfully terminated is entitled, on request, to resume the employee’s employment with the employer in preference to any employee hired by the employer as a replacement employee for the employee making the request during the strike or lockout.

(2)  The request of an employee under subsection (1) must be made in writing

                                 (a)    within 14 days after the date on which the employee learns that the strike or lockout has ended and in any case within 30 days after the date on which the strike or lockout ended, if the strike or lockout ends in the manner referred to in clause (a) or (b) of that subsection, or

                                 (b)    forthwith, if the strike or lockout ends in the manner referred to in clause (c) of that subsection.

(3)  Nothing in subsection (1)

                                 (a)    prevents the parties to a dispute from agreeing on a mechanism for an orderly return to work within a reasonable period after a strike or lockout is over, or

                                 (b)    requires an employer to reinstate an employee where

                                           (i)    the employer no longer has persons engaged in performing work the same or similar to work that the employee performed prior to the employee’s cessation of work, or

                                          (ii)    there has been a suspension or discontinuance for cause of an employer’s operations or any part of them, but, if the employer resumes those operations, the employer shall first reinstate those employees who have requested a resumption of employment.

(4)  An employer shall, on the request of any employee returning to work at the end of a strike or lockout, where there is no collective agreement in place, reinstate the employee in the employee’s former employment on any terms that the employer and the employee may agree on, and the employer in offering terms of employment shall not discriminate against the employee because of the employee exercising or having exercised any rights under this Act.

1988 cL-1.2 s88

Jurisdiction of court

91   No court shall grant any injunction or other process that has the effect of restraining a strike or lockout or restraining or limiting picketing in respect of a labour dispute to which this Act applies unless

                                 (a)    there is a reasonable likelihood of danger to persons or property, or

                                 (b)    resort to the Board is impractical in the circumstances, in which case the court may issue an order, which shall remain effective until the time that the Board is able to determine the matter.

1988 cL-1.2 s89

Injunctions

92(1)  Notwithstanding anything in this Act, the Judicature Act or any other Act, when there is a strike or lockout, no injunction before trial shall be granted ex parte to

                                 (a)    a party to the dispute, or

                                 (b)    any other person or party,

to restrain a party to the strike or lockout from doing any act in connection with the strike or lockout.

(2)  Every affidavit intended to be used in support of an application for an interim injunction to restrain a person from doing any act in connection with a strike or lockout shall be confined to those facts that the deponent is able of the deponent’s own knowledge to prove, and a copy of every such affidavit shall be served with the notice of motion.

(3)  If members of a trade union are the defendants or intended defendants, the notice of motion may be served on an officer of the trade union or a member of it who is engaged in the activity proposed to be restrained or another person engaged in that activity.

(4)  The notice of motion shall be served in sufficient time before the time fixed for the hearing, not being less than 4 hours in any event, to enable the person to attend at the hearing of the motion.

1988 cL-1.2 s90

Division 15
Voluntary Interest Arbitration

Agreement re voluntary arbitration board

93(1)  The parties to a dispute may agree in writing to refer the matters in dispute to a one‑member or 3‑member voluntary arbitration board, whose decision will be binding.

(2)  The parties shall notify the Minister of an agreement under subsection (1).

1988 cL-1.2 s91

Voluntary arbitration board

94   If the parties who have entered into an agreement under section 93 do not appoint a one‑member or 3‑member voluntary arbitration board, either party may notify the Minister, who shall serve notice on the parties to the dispute directing them to appoint a voluntary arbitration board in accordance with Division 20.

1988 cL-1.2 s92

Powers of voluntary arbitration board

95(1)  If a voluntary arbitration board is unable to effect a settlement within 20 days after a statement of the dispute is sent to the member of a one‑member board or the chair of a 3‑member board or any longer period that may be agreed on between the parties or fixed by the Minister, the voluntary arbitration board shall make an award dealing with all matters in dispute.

(2)  The award of a voluntary arbitration board is binding on the parties to the dispute and shall be included in the terms of a collective agreement.

1988 cL-1.2 s93

Division 16
Compulsory Interest Arbitration

Application and prohibition against strike and lockout

96(1)  This Division applies to the following:

                                 (a)    firefighters and, to the extent that they bargain collectively with firefighters, municipalities and Metis settlements;

                                 (b)    employers who operate approved hospitals as defined in the Hospitals Act, and all the employees of those employers;

                                 (c)    employers that are regional health authorities and all of their employees to whom clause (b) does not apply.

(2)  No employees, trade union, employer or employers’ organization to which this Division applies shall strike, lock out, cause a strike or lockout or threaten to cause a strike or lockout.

(3)  This Division applies notwithstanding any other provision of this Act.

RSA 2000 cL-1 s96;2003 c6 s4

Request for compulsory arbitration board

97(1)  If a dispute affecting an employment to which this Division applies cannot be resolved, either or both parties to the dispute or the Minister may make a request for the appointment of a 3‑member compulsory arbitration board, or the parties may jointly make a request for the appointment of a one‑member compulsory arbitration board, to

                                 (a)    the mediator, if one has been appointed with respect to the dispute, or

                                 (b)    the Director, if no mediator has been appointed with respect to the dispute.

(2)  When the Director receives a request under subsection (1)(b), the Director shall appoint a mediator and forward the request for the establishment of a compulsory arbitration board to the mediator.

(3)  The mediator shall endeavour to effect a settlement and shall, not later than 14 days after the mediator receives a request under subsection (1) or (2),

                                 (a)    list the items in dispute and the items that have been settled by the parties, and

                                 (b)    forward the list and the request for the appointment of a compulsory arbitration board to the Minister.

1988 cL-1.2 s95

Establishment of compulsory arbitration board

98   When the Minister receives a request for the appointment of a compulsory arbitration board, the Minister,

                                 (a)    if the Minister considers it appropriate, may direct the parties to continue collective bargaining and may prescribe the conditions under which collective bargaining is to take place, or

                                 (b)    if the Minister is satisfied that the dispute is appropriate to refer to a compulsory arbitration board, may direct the parties to the dispute to appoint a 3‑member or one‑member compulsory arbitration board in accordance with Division 20.

1988 cL-1.2 s96

Terms of reference

99   When 3 persons are appointed to act as members of a 3‑member compulsory arbitration board  or one person is appointed to act as the member of a one‑member compulsory arbitration board, the Minister, by notice in writing to the chair or member, as the case may be, shall forward a list of the items in dispute to be resolved by the compulsory arbitration board.

1988 cL-1.2 s97

Methods of arbitration

100(1)  On receipt of the list under section 99, if the compulsory arbitration board is unable to effect a settlement, it shall consider the position of the parties on each item in dispute and determine what method or combination of methods of arbitration shall be implemented to resolve any or all of the items in dispute.

(2)  Without restricting the generality of subsection (1), the method or combination of methods of arbitration determined under that subsection may include the method of arbitration known as “final offer selection”.

1988 cL-1.2 s98

Matters to be considered

101   To ensure that wages and benefits are fair and reasonable to the employees and employer and are in the best interest of the public, the compulsory arbitration board

                                 (a)    shall consider, for the period with respect to which the award will apply, the following:

                                           (i)    wages and benefits in private and public, and unionized and non‑unionized, employment;

                                          (ii)    the continuity and stability of private and public employment, including

                                                 (A)    employment levels and incidence of layoffs,

                                                  (B)    incidence of employment at less than normal working hours, and

                                                  (C)    opportunity for employment;

                                         (iii)    the general economic conditions in Alberta,

                                     and

                                 (b)    may consider, for the period with respect to which the award will apply, the following:

                                           (i)    the terms and conditions of employment in similar occupations outside the employer’s employment taking into account any geographic, industrial or other variations that the board considers relevant;

                                          (ii)    the need to maintain appropriate relationships in terms and conditions of employment between different classification levels within an occupation and between occupations in the employer’s employment;

                                         (iii)    the need to establish terms and conditions of employment that are fair and reasonable in relation to the qualifications required, the work performed, the responsibility assumed and the nature of the services rendered;

                                         (iv)    any other factor that it considers relevant to the matter in dispute.

1988 cL-1.2 s99

Award

102(1)  As soon as possible after a dispute is referred to the compulsory arbitration board, and in any case within

                                 (a)    20 days after the date it is established, or

                                 (b)    any longer time that may be agreed on by the parties to the dispute or fixed by the Minister,

the compulsory arbitration board shall make an award and in its award shall deal with each item in dispute.

(2)  The award of a compulsory arbitration board is binding on the parties to the dispute and shall be included in the terms of a collective agreement.

1988 cL-1.2 s100

Incorporation of award

103(1)  If either of the parties to the dispute neglects or refuses to participate in the preparation of a collective agreement in accordance with the award of the compulsory arbitration board, the other party may prepare a collective agreement giving effect to

                                 (a)    the award of the compulsory arbitration board, and

                                 (b)    any other matters that are agreed on by the parties,

and shall submit the collective agreement to the compulsory arbitration board to certify that the collective agreement accurately incorporates the award of the compulsory arbitration board.

(2)  When a compulsory arbitration board receives a collective agreement under subsection (1) and it is satisfied that the collective agreement gives effect to its award, the compulsory arbitration board shall certify the collective agreement as accurately incorporating its award, and the collective agreement is binding on the parties.

1988 cL-1.2 s101

Reconvening of compulsory arbitration board

104(1)  If a question arises concerning the award of a compulsory arbitration board within 30 days from the date on which the award was made, the Minister, at the request of one or both of the parties, may direct the member or chair of the compulsory arbitration board to reconvene the compulsory arbitration board for the purpose of deciding the question.

(2)  When the compulsory arbitration board makes its decision under subsection (1), it shall forward a copy of the decision to the Minister and the parties to the dispute, and the decision is binding on the parties and shall be included in the terms of a collective agreement.

1988 cL-1.2 s102

Division 17
Disputes Inquiry Boards

Notice of establishment of disputes inquiry board

105(1)  The Minister may appoint a disputes inquiry board in accordance with Division 20 with respect to a dispute.

(2)  The Minister shall serve a notice in writing of the appointment of a disputes inquiry board on the employer or employers’ organization and the bargaining agent that are parties to the dispute.

(3)  If the disputes inquiry board is established before the commencement of a lawful strike or lawful lockout, no strike or lockout shall commence until

                                 (a)    10 days after the Minister serves a copy of the recommendations of the disputes inquiry board on the parties, or

                                 (b)    if the Board conducts a vote under section 107, until 72 hours after the Board notifies the parties of the results of that vote.

(4)  The establishment of the disputes inquiry board after the commencement of a lawful strike or lawful lockout does not affect the strike or lockout, or its continuation.

1988 cL-1.2 s103

Recommendations of disputes inquiry board

106(1)  If a disputes inquiry board is unable to effect a settlement of a dispute within

                                 (a)    20 days after the date on which it is established, or

                                 (b)    any longer time that may be agreed on by the parties to the dispute or fixed by the Minister,

the disputes inquiry board shall make recommendations with respect to each matter in dispute and send them to the Minister, who shall forthwith notify each party to the dispute of the recommendations.

(2)  A disputes inquiry board may report what, in its opinion, ought to be done by each of the parties to the dispute.

1988 cL-1.2 s104

Collective agreement after recommendations

107(1)  If the parties to a dispute accept the recommendations of a disputes inquiry board, the recommendations are binding on the parties and shall be included in the terms of a collective agreement.

(2)  Unless a party to the dispute notifies the Minister of its acceptance of the recommendations of the disputes inquiry board within 10 days after being served with a copy of the recommendations or, if the disputes inquiry board has reconvened under section 109, within 10 days after being served with a notification under that section, the Board shall,

                                 (a)    in the case where the party is a bargaining agent, conduct a vote on the acceptance or rejection of the recommendations by the employees affected by the dispute who are represented by the bargaining agent,

                                 (b)    in the case where the party is an employers’ organization, conduct a vote on the acceptance or rejection of the recommendations by the employers affected by the dispute who are represented by the employers’ organization, and

                                 (c)    in the case where the party is an employer, poll the employer on the employer’s acceptance or rejection of the recommendations.

(3)  When the Board conducts a vote or poll under subsection (2), it shall do so as soon as practicable and shall notify the parties to the dispute of the results of the vote or poll on its conclusion.

(4)  If a majority of those employees or employers who vote under this section and the other party to the dispute are in favour of the recommendations of the disputes inquiry board, the recommendations are binding on the parties and shall be included in the terms of a collective agreement.

(5)  Notwithstanding subsection (4), if the ratification procedure referred to in section 61(6) for an employers’ organization requires ratification by the employers on a weighted vote system, a vote for acceptance or rejection of the recommendations of the disputes inquiry board by the employers shall be determined on the basis of that weighted vote system.

1988 cL-1.2 s105

Incorporation of award

108(1)  If either party to the dispute neglects or refuses to participate in the preparation of a collective agreement in accordance with section 107, the other party may prepare a collective agreement giving effect to

                                 (a)    the recommendations of the disputes inquiry board, and

                                 (b)    any other matters that are agreed on by the parties,

and shall submit the collective agreement to the disputes inquiry board for certification that the collective agreement accurately incorporates its recommendations.

(2)  When a disputes inquiry board receives a collective agreement under subsection (1) and is satisfied that it gives effect to its recommendations, the disputes inquiry board shall certify the collective agreement as accurately incorporating the recommendations, and the collective agreement is binding on the parties.

1988 cL-1.2 s106

Questions on recommendations

109(1)  If a question arises concerning the recommendations of a disputes inquiry board, the Minister, at the request of one or both of the parties, may request the member or chair of the disputes inquiry board to reconvene the board to consider and decide the question.

(2)  The disputes inquiry board shall notify the parties and the Minister of its decision under subsection (1).

(3)  A decision under subsection (1) shall be dealt with in the same manner as a recommendation under section 106.

1988 cL-1.2 s107

One disputes inquiry board per dispute

110   Not more than one disputes inquiry board may be appointed prior to and not more than one disputes inquiry board may be appointed after a strike or lockout commences with respect to any dispute between an employer or employers’ organization and a bargaining agent.

1988 cL-1.2 s108

Referral of other disputes

111   The Minister may, at the same time a disputes inquiry board is appointed or subsequently, refer to the board any other dispute of a similar nature.

1988 cL-1.2 s109

Division 18
Emergencies

Emergencies

112(1)  If in the opinion of the Lieutenant Governor in Council an emergency arising out of a dispute exists or may occur in such circumstances that

                                 (a)    damage to health or property is being caused or is likely to be caused because

                                           (i)    a sewage system, plant or equipment or a water, heating, electric or gas system, plant or equipment has ceased to operate or is likely to cease to operate, or

                                          (ii)    health services have been reduced, have ceased or are likely to be reduced or to cease,

                                     or

                                 (b)    unreasonable hardship is being caused or is likely to be caused to persons who are not parties to the dispute,

the Lieutenant Governor in Council may, by order, declare that on and after a date fixed in the order all further action and procedures in the dispute are to be replaced by the procedures under this section.

(2)  Before an order is made under subsection (1), the Minister may give the parties to the dispute an opportunity to meet with the Minister and the Minister may report the Minister’s findings relating to the dispute and the effect of the stoppage or impending stoppage of work to the Lieutenant Governor in Council.

(3)  After the date fixed in the order, any strike or lockout becomes illegal and an offence under this Act, and

                                 (a)    no employer who is a party to the dispute shall lock out;

                                 (b)    no employees who are parties to the dispute shall strike;

                                 (c)    any strike or lockout that is in effect shall terminate.

(4)  After the date fixed in the order, the relationship of employer and employee continues uninterrupted by the dispute or anything arising from the dispute.

(5)  When the order is made, the Minister shall forthwith establish a procedure for settlement of the dispute and the Minister may

                                 (a)    prescribe the terms and conditions of employment that shall apply to the parties to the dispute during the procedure, and

                                 (b)    do all things that may be necessary to settle the dispute.

(6)  Notwithstanding anything in this Act, none of the parties to the dispute shall alter any of the terms and conditions of employment

                                 (a)    that existed immediately prior to the dispute, or

                                 (b)    that are prescribed by the Minister under subsection (5)

except that the employer or employers’ organization, with the consent of the bargaining agent, may give effect to a proposed change in wages or hours of work.

(7)  The Regulations Act does not apply to an order or procedure established under this section or section 113.

1988 cL-1.2 s110

Public emergency tribunal

113(1)  As a procedure or part of a procedure to settle a dispute under section 112, the Minister may establish a public emergency tribunal in accordance with Division 20.

(2)  After making full inquiry, and if the dispute has not been settled by agreement on or before a date fixed by the Minister, the public emergency tribunal shall

                                 (a)    make its award, which shall deal with each item in dispute, and

                                 (b)    forward a copy of the award to both parties to the dispute and to the Minister.

(3)  The award of a public emergency tribunal is binding on the parties to the dispute and shall be included in the terms of a collective agreement.

1988 cL-1.2 s111

Division 19
Measures During Illegal Strike or Illegal Lockout

Suspension of dues check‑off

114(1)  If a strike that is prohibited by Division 16 or 18 of this Part commences, the Board may direct the employer to suspend the deduction and remittance of union dues, assessments or other fees payable to the bargaining agent by the employees in the bargaining unit that is on strike.

(2)  The suspension under subsection (1) shall continue for a period of one to 6 months, as directed by the Board, from the date on which the employer commences the suspension.

(3)  When the Board directs the employer to commence the suspension, it shall serve the bargaining agent with a copy of the directive.

(4)  The bargaining agent that is served with a copy of the directive under subsection (3) may apply to the Board within 72 hours after service of the directive, but not afterwards, for a determination as to whether a strike has occurred.

(5)  If the bargaining agent does not make an application under subsection (4), the employer shall suspend the deduction and remittance of union dues, assessments or other fees in accordance with the directive of the Board.

(6)  If the bargaining agent makes an application under subsection (4), the employer shall not suspend the deduction and remittance of union dues, assessments or other fees unless and until the Board makes a determination under subsection (7)(b) that a strike has occurred.

(7)  If the bargaining agent makes an application under subsection (4), the Board may,

                                 (a)    if it determines that no strike has occurred, cancel the directive under subsection (1), or

                                 (b)    if it determines that a strike has occurred, confirm the directive under subsection (1) and order that the suspension shall take place for the period specified in the directive, and thereupon the employer shall suspend the deduction and remittance of union dues, assessments and other fees in accordance with the directive.

(8)  Notwithstanding any collective agreement or this Act, an employee does not become ineligible for employment with an employer only because the employee fails to pay union dues, assessments or other fees, the deduction and remittance of which have been suspended under this section.

(9)  At the end of the suspension period the employer shall resume the deduction and remittance of union dues, assessments and other fees in accordance with the collective agreement, but the employer shall not deduct and remit union dues, assessments and other fees with respect to the suspension period.

(10)  No provision may be made in a collective agreement in substitution for the suspension of the deduction and remittance of union dues, assessments and other fees under this section.

1988 cL-1.2 s112

Payment of union dues during illegal lockout

115(1)  If a lockout that is prohibited by Division 16 or 18 of this Part commences, the Board may direct the employer who locks out the employer’s employees to pay the union dues, assessments and other fees payable by the employees to any bargaining agent that represents them.

(2)  The payment under subsection (1) shall continue for a period directed by the Board of one to 6 months from the date on which the lockout commences.

(3)  The employer may apply to the Board within 72 hours after receiving the directive under subsection (1), but not afterwards, for a determination as to whether a lockout has occurred.

(4)  If the employer does not make an application under subsection (3), the employer shall make the payments in accordance with this section.

(5)  After hearing an application under subsection (3), the Board may,

                                 (a)    if it determines that no lockout has occurred, direct that the employer need not comply with the directive under subsection (1), or

                                 (b)    if it determines that a lockout has occurred, direct the employer to make the payments referred to in this section.

(6)  Payments required to be made under this section are a debt owing to the bargaining agent and may be collected from the employer by civil action.

1988 cL-1.2 s113

Direction by Lieutenant Governor in Council

116   Notwithstanding anything in this Act, the Lieutenant Governor in Council may direct the Board

                                 (a)    to revoke the certification of a trade union that causes or participates in a strike that is prohibited by Division 16 or 18, or

                                 (b)    to prohibit an employers’ organization from representing employers for the purposes of collective bargaining if the employers’ organization causes or participates in a lockout that is prohibited by Division 16 or 18.

1988 cL-1.2 s114

Division 20
Disputes Resolution Tribunals

Appointment of interest arbitration boards

117(1)  If the Minister directs the parties to a dispute to appoint a voluntary arbitration board under section 94 or a compulsory arbitration board under section 98, the Minister shall notify the parties to the dispute in writing accordingly and require them either

                                 (a)    to each appoint a person to act as a member of a 3‑member arbitration board, or

                                 (b)    to jointly appoint a person to act as a one‑member arbitration board

within 10 days after that notification.

(2)  The 2 persons appointed under subsection (1)(a) to act as members of an arbitration board shall, within 10 days after the date the 2nd person is appointed, appoint a 3rd person to act as a member and chair of the arbitration board.

1988 cL-1.2 s115

Appointments by Minister

118(1)  If a party to the dispute fails to appoint a person to act as a member of a voluntary arbitration board or compulsory arbitration board or if the parties, having agreed to do so, fail to jointly appoint a person to act as a one‑member arbitration board, the Minister may appoint a person to act as the member.

(2)  If the 2 persons appointed as members of an arbitration board under section 117(1)(a) fail to appoint a person to act as a member and chair, the Minister may appoint a person to act as a member and chair.

1988 cL-1.2 s116

Appointments of members of other boards

119   The Minister may, with respect to a disputes inquiry board or a public emergency tribunal,

                                 (a)    appoint or provide for the appointment of one or more persons as its members, and

                                 (b)    if more than one person is appointed, designate a chair.

1988 cL-1.2 s117

Membership

120(1)  The remuneration and expenses of the persons appointed under section 117 or 118 must be paid,

                                 (a)    in the case of a person appointed or who should have been appointed individually by a party, by that party, and

                                 (b)    in the case of the chair or a person appointed or who should have been appointed jointly by the parties, jointly by the parties.

(2)  The Minister may, by order, prescribe the remuneration and expenses to be paid by the Government to members of a disputes inquiry board or a public emergency tribunal.

(3)  If a vacancy occurs in the membership of a disputes resolution tribunal, a new member or chair, as the case may be, shall be appointed in the same manner as the original member or chair was appointed.

(4)  Except in the case of the chair or the single member of a voluntary arbitration board or a compulsory arbitration board, no person shall be disqualified from acting as a member of either of those boards unless that member is directly affected by the dispute or has been involved in an attempt to negotiate or settle the dispute.

1988 cL-1.2 s118

Revocation of appointments

121   If in the opinion of the Minister a member of a disputes resolution tribunal is unduly or unnecessarily delaying the proceedings of the tribunal, the Minister may

                                 (a)    revoke the appointment of the member, and

                                 (b)    appoint another person in the member’s place.

1988 cL-1.2 s119

Meetings

122(1)  A disputes resolution tribunal shall meet at the times and places fixed by the single member or chair of the tribunal.

(2)  The chair of a disputes resolution tribunal that has more than one member shall notify each member of the board of the date, time and place of each meeting.

(3)  A disputes resolution tribunal may decide to hold all or any part of a meeting in private.

1988 cL-1.2 s120

Proceedings

123(1)  A disputes resolution tribunal shall inquire into the matters in dispute and shall endeavour to effect a settlement.

(2)  A disputes resolution tribunal may determine its own procedure.

(3)  If a party to proceedings before a disputes resolution tribunal fails to attend or to be represented, the tribunal may proceed as if the party had attended or had been represented.

1988 cL-1.2 s121

Majority award

124   An award of a majority of the members of a disputes resolution tribunal is an award of the disputes resolution tribunal, but if there is no majority, the award of the chair is the award of the disputes resolution tribunal.

1988 cL-1.2 s122

Powers of disputes resolution tribunals

125(1)  Disputes resolution tribunals

                                 (a)    may accept any oral or written evidence they consider proper, whether admissible in a court of law or not,

                                 (b)    are not bound by the laws of evidence applicable to judicial proceedings, and

                                 (c)    may summon and enforce the attendance of witnesses and compel them to give oral or written evidence on oath and to produce the documents and things that the tribunals consider requisite to the full investigation and consideration of matters within their jurisdiction in the same manner as a court of record in civil cases.

(2)  If any person fails to comply with an order of a tribunal under subsection (1)(c), or conducts himself or herself in a manner that may be in contempt of the tribunal or its proceedings, the tribunal may apply to the Court for an order directing compliance with the tribunal’s order, or restraining any conduct found by the Court to be in contempt of the tribunal or its proceedings.

(3)  On an application under subsection (2), the Court may grant any order that, in the opinion of the Court, is necessary to enable the tribunal to carry out its duties.

1988 cL-1.2 s123

Filing and service of award

126(1)  When it makes an award, a disputes resolution tribunal shall

                                 (a)    file a copy of it with the Minister, and

                                 (b)    serve a copy of it on the parties to the dispute.

(2)  The Minister may publish an award in any manner the Minister considers fit.

1988 cL-1.2 s124

Judicial review

127(1)  Subject to subsection (2), no decision, award, recommendation or proceeding of a disputes resolution tribunal shall be questioned or reviewed in any court by application for judicial review or otherwise, and no order shall be made or process entered or proceedings taken in any court, whether by way of injunction, declaratory judgment, prohibition, quo warranto or otherwise, to question, review, prohibit or restrain the tribunal or any of its proceedings.

(2)  A decision, order, directive, declaration, ruling or proceeding of a disputes resolution tribunal may be questioned or reviewed by way of an application for judicial review seeking an order in the nature of certiorari or mandamus if the originating notice is filed with the Court no later than 30 days after the date of the proceeding, decision, order, directive, declaration or ruling or reasons in respect of it, whichever is later.

(3)  The Court may, in respect of an application under subsection (2),

                                 (a)    determine the issues to be resolved on the application, and

                                 (b)    limit the contents of the return from the tribunal to those materials necessary for the disposition of those issues.

1988 cL-1.2 s125

Division 21
Effect of a Collective Agreement

Effect of collective agreement

128(1)  The provisions of a collective agreement are binding on

                                 (a)    the bargaining agent and every employee in the unit on whose behalf it was bargaining collectively;

                                 (b)    the employer, where the employer acted on the employer’s own behalf;

                                 (c)    the employers’ organization and each employer on whose behalf it was bargaining collectively, where the employers’ organization acted on behalf of employers.

(2)  When an employer ceases to be a member of an employers’ organization that is a party to a collective agreement that is binding on that employer, the employer is, for the remainder of the term of the collective agreement, deemed to be a party to an identical agreement with the bargaining agent.

1988 cL-1.2 s126

Term of collective agreements

129   If a collective agreement is for an unspecified term, the agreement is deemed to provide for its operation for a term of one year from the date that it commenced to operate.

1988 cL-1.2 s127

Bridging of collective agreements

130   When notice to commence collective bargaining has been served under this Act, a collective agreement that applies to the parties at the time of service of the notice is deemed to continue to apply to the parties, notwithstanding any termination date in the agreement, until

                                 (a)    a new collective agreement is concluded,

                                 (b)    the right of the bargaining agent to represent the employees is terminated, or

                                 (c)    a strike or lockout commences under Division 13.

1988 cL-1.2 s128

Signing of collective agreement

131(1)  Subject to this section, when the terms and conditions to be included in a collective agreement have been settled, each of the parties who bargained collectively shall sign the collective agreement.

(2)  No employee is required to sign a collective agreement that has been entered into on the employee’s behalf by a bargaining agent.

(3)  No employer is required to sign a collective agreement that has been entered into on the employer’s behalf by an employers’ organization.

1988 cL-1.2 s129

Filing collective agreement

132   Each of the parties to a collective agreement shall on its execution forthwith file one copy with the Director.

1988 cL-1.2 s130

Collective agreement declared void

133(1)  Any collective agreement entered into between an employer or an employers’ organization and a trade union may be declared by the Board to be void when in its opinion the administration, management or policy of the trade union is

                                 (a)    dominated by an employer, or

                                 (b)    influenced by an employer so that the trade union’s fitness to represent employees for the purpose of collective bargaining is impaired.

(2)  Any collective agreement entered into between an employer or an employers’ organization and a trade union as a result of the employer’s recognition of the trade union as a bargaining agent may be declared by the Board to be void when in its opinion the recognition

                                 (a)    resulted from picketing of the place of employment of the employees affected or elsewhere, or

                                 (b)    is by an employer whose administration, management or policy is

                                           (i)    dominated by a trade union, or

                                          (ii)    influenced by a trade union so that the employer’s fitness to bargain collectively is impaired.

1988 cL-1.2 s131

Division 22
Collective Agreement Arbitration

Definition

134   For the purpose of this Division, “collective agreement” includes a settlement under section 81 or 82.

1988 cL-1.2 s132

Requisites of collective agreement

135   Every collective agreement shall contain a method for the settlement of differences arising

                                 (a)    as to the interpretation, application or operation of the collective agreement,

                                 (b)    with respect to a contravention or alleged contravention of the collective agreement, and

                                 (c)    as to whether a difference referred to in clause (a) or (b) can be the subject of arbitration

between the parties to or persons bound by the collective agreement.

1988 cL-1.2 s133

Model clauses

136   If a collective agreement does not contain the provisions required under section 135, the collective agreement is deemed to contain those of the following provisions in respect of which it is silent:

                                (a)    If a difference arises between the parties to or persons bound by this collective agreement as to the interpretation, application, operation or contravention or alleged contravention of this agreement or as to whether such a difference can be the subject of arbitration, the parties agree to meet and endeavour to resolve the difference.

                                (b)    If the parties are unable to resolve a difference referred to in clause (a), either party may notify the other in writing of its desire to submit the difference to arbitration.

                                (c)    The notice referred to in clause (b) shall

                                          (i)    contain a statement of the difference, and

                                         (ii)    specify the name or a list of names of the person or persons it is willing to accept as the single arbitrator.

                                (d)    On receipt of a notice referred to in clause (b), the party receiving the notice,

                                          (i)    if it accepts the person or one of the persons suggested to act as arbitrator, shall, within 7 days, notify the other party accordingly, and the difference shall be submitted to the arbitrator, or

                                         (ii)    if it does not accept any of the persons suggested by the party sending the notice, shall, within 7 days, notify the other party accordingly and send the name or a list of names of the person or persons it is willing to accept as the single arbitrator.

                                (e)    If the parties are unable to agree on a person to act as the single arbitrator, either party may request the Director in writing to appoint a single arbitrator.

                                 (f)    The arbitrator may, during the arbitration, proceed in the absence of any party or person who, after notice, fails to attend or fails to obtain an adjournment.

                                (g)    The arbitrator shall inquire into the difference and issue an award in writing, and the award is final and binding on the parties and on every employee affected by it.

                                (h)    The parties agree to share equally the expenses of the arbitrator.

                                 (i)    Except as permitted in clause (j), the arbitrator shall not alter, amend or change the terms or conditions of the collective agreement.

                                 (j)    If the arbitrator by the arbitrator’s award determines that an employee has been discharged or otherwise disciplined by an employer for cause and the collective agreement does not contain a specific penalty for the infraction that is the subject‑matter of the arbitration, the arbitrator may substitute any penalty for the discharge or discipline that to the arbitrator seems just and reasonable in all the circumstances.

1988 cL-1.2 s134

Appointment of single arbitrator

137(1)  If the parties to a collective agreement that provides for the appointment of a single arbitrator are unable to agree on a person to act as a single arbitrator within 14 days after the notice requiring that the matter go to arbitration, or any longer period that the collective agreement may contain for the selection of a single arbitrator, either party may, in writing, request the Director to appoint a single arbitrator.

(2)  The expenses and remuneration of a single arbitrator appointed under subsection (1) shall be paid jointly by the parties.

1988 cL-1.2 s135

Appointment of arbitration board

138(1)  When an arbitration board or other body is to be appointed or established pursuant to the terms of a collective agreement,

                                 (a)    if either party to the collective agreement within 7 days after the written notice from the other party of the appointment of the other party’s member or members fails or neglects to appoint a member or members, the Director shall, on the request of the other party, appoint a person or persons the Director considers fit for the purpose and that person or those persons are deemed to be appointed by that party,

                                 (b)    if the appointed members within 7 days from the date of the appointment of the last appointed member fail to agree on a person to act as a chair, the Director shall appoint a chair on the request of either party, and

                                 (c)    if the chair or any member of the arbitration board refuses to act or is or becomes incapable of acting, a new chair or member may be appointed in the same manner as the original chair or member was appointed.

(2)  The expenses and remuneration of the person, persons or chair appointed under subsection (1) shall be paid,

                                 (a)    in the case of a person or persons appointed under subsection (1)(a) or (c), by the party who fails or neglects to appoint the person or persons, or

                                 (b)    in the case of the chair appointed under subsection (1)(b) or (c), jointly by the parties.

(3)  When the parties agree, the time within which any of the appointments is to be made may be extended.

1988 cL-1.2 s136

Ineligibility

139   Except in the case of a chair, no person shall be disqualified from acting as a member of an arbitration board or other body unless that member is directly affected by the difference or has been involved in an attempt to negotiate or settle the difference.

1988 cL-1.2 s137

Speeding up decision

140(1)  When a difference has been submitted to an arbitrator, arbitration board or other body, whether or not a hearing has been held, and one of the parties to the difference complains to the Board that the arbitrator, arbitration board or other body has failed to render an award within a reasonable time, the Board may, after consulting with the parties and the arbitrator, arbitration board or other body,

                                 (a)    issue whatever directive it considers necessary in the circumstances to ensure that an award will be rendered in the matter without further undue delay, or

                                 (b)    appoint a new arbitrator, arbitration board or other body to act in the place of the arbitrator, arbitration board or other body complained against.

(2)  The Board may establish guidelines for the purpose of determining acceptable standards for avoidance of delay by arbitrators, arbitration boards and other bodies.

1988 cL-1.2 s138

Majority decision and award

141(1)  A decision of the majority of the members of an arbitration board or other body is the decision of the arbitration board or other body but, if there is no majority, the decision of the chair governs, and the chair’s decision is deemed to be the award of the arbitration board or other body.

(2)  Every arbitrator, arbitration board or other body shall, immediately on making an award, file a copy of the award with the Director.

(3)  The award of an arbitrator, arbitration board or other body shall be served by the arbitrator or chair on the parties to the difference by double registered mail or personally and the arbitrator or the chair of the arbitration board or other body shall, at the request of any of the parties to the difference, make an affidavit or an affirmation that the award has been served.

(4)  On receipt of the award of the arbitrator, arbitration board or other body, the Director may publish the award in any manner the Director considers fit.

1988 cL-1.2 s139

Effect of award on collective agreement

142(1)  Subject to subsection (2), no arbitrator, arbitration board or other body shall by its award alter, amend or change the terms of a collective agreement.

(2)  If an arbitrator, arbitration board or other body determines that an employee has been discharged or otherwise disciplined by an employer for cause and the collective agreement does not contain a specific penalty for the infraction that is the subject‑matter of the arbitration, the arbitrator, arbitration board or other body may substitute some other penalty for the discharge or discipline that to the arbitrator, arbitration board or other body seems just and reasonable in all the circumstances.

1988 cL-1.2 s140

Powers of arbitrator

143(1)  The arbitrator or the chair of the arbitration board or other body may

                                 (a)    at any reasonable time enter any premises, other than a private dwelling, where work is being done or has been done by employees or in which an employer carries on business or where anything is taking place or has taken place concerning any difference submitted to the arbitrator or the chair of the arbitration board or other body and inspect and view any work, material, machinery, appliance or article in the premises and question any person under oath in the presence of the parties or their representatives concerning any matter connected with the difference;

                                 (b)    authorize any person to do any things that the arbitrator or chair of the arbitration board or other body may do under clause (a) and to report to the arbitrator or arbitration board on them;

                                 (c)    correct in any award any clerical mistake, error or omission.

(2)  An arbitrator, arbitration board or other body

                                 (a)    may accept any oral or written evidence that it considers proper, whether admissible in a court of law or not,

                                 (b)    is not bound by the law of evidence applicable to judicial proceedings, and

                                 (c)    may summon and enforce the attendance of witnesses and compel them to give oral or written evidence on oath and to produce the documents and things that the arbitrator, arbitration board or other body considers requisite to the full investigation and consideration of matters within the arbitrator’s or its jurisdiction in the same manner as a court of record in civil cases.

(3)  If any person fails to comply with an order of an arbitrator, arbitration board or other body under subsection (2)(c), or conducts himself or herself in a manner that may be in contempt of the arbitrator, arbitration board or other body or the arbitrator’s or its proceedings, the arbitrator, arbitration board or other body may apply to the Court for an order directing compliance with the order of the arbitrator, arbitration board or other body, or restraining any conduct found by the Court to be in contempt of the arbitrator, arbitration board or other body or the arbitrator’s or its proceedings.

(4)  On an application under subsection (3), the Court may grant any order that, in the opinion of the Court, is necessary to enable the arbitrator, arbitration board or other body to carry out the arbitrator’s or its duties.

1988 cL-1.2 s141

Parties bound by award

144   The award of an arbitrator, arbitration board or other body is binding

                                 (a)    on the employers and the bargaining agent,

                                 (b)    in the case of a collective agreement between a bargaining agent and an employers’ organization, on the bargaining agent, the employers’ organization and employers bound by the agreement who are affected by the award, and

                                 (c)    on the employees bound by the agreement who are affected by the award,

and the employers, employers’ organization, bargaining agent and employees shall do or abstain from doing anything, as required of them by the award.

1988 cL-1.2 s142

Judicial review of award

145(1)  Subject to subsection (2), no award or proceeding of an arbitrator, arbitration board or other body shall be questioned or reviewed in any court by application for judicial review or otherwise, and no order shall be made or process entered or proceedings taken in any court, whether by way of injunction, declaratory judgment, prohibition, quo warranto or otherwise, to question, review, prohibit or restrain the arbitrator, arbitration board or other body in any of the arbitrator’s or its proceedings.

(2)  A decision, order, directive, declaration, ruling or proceeding of an arbitrator, arbitration board or other body may be questioned or reviewed by way of an application for judicial review seeking an order in the nature of certiorari or mandamus if the originating notice is filed with the Court no later than 30 days after the date of the proceeding, decision, order, directive, declaration or ruling or reasons in respect of it, whichever is later.

(3)  The Court may, in respect of an application under subsection (2),

                                 (a)    determine the issues to be resolved on the application, and

                                 (b)    limit the contents of the return from the arbitrator or arbitration board to those materials necessary for the disposition of those issues.

1988 cL-1.2 s143

Enforcement of award

146(1)  If an employers’ organization, employer, bargaining agent or employee fails to comply with an award of an arbitrator or arbitration board or other body, an employers’ organization, employer, bargaining agent or employee affected by the award may, after 30 days from the date on which the award is made or reasons are given in respect of it or by the date provided in it for compliance, whichever is the latest date, file a copy of the award with a clerk of the Court and, on filing, the directive is enforceable as a judgment or order of the Court.

(2)  If an award filed with the Court proves uncertain or ambiguous, a judge of the Court shall refer the award back to the arbitrator for clarification on any terms and subject to any conditions that the Court considers just, unless the ambiguity may be resolved summarily without the need for oral evidence.

1988 cL-1.2 s144

Division 23
Prohibited Practices

Alteration of terms of employment

147(1)  If a trade union has applied for certification, no employer affected by the application shall, except in accordance with an established custom or practice of the employer or with the consent of the trade union or in accordance with a collective agreement in effect with respect to the employees in the unit affected by the application, alter the rates of pay, any term or condition of employment or any right or privilege of any of those employees during the time between the date of the application and

                                 (a)    the date of its refusal, or

                                 (b)    30 days after the date of certification.

(2)  If a notice to commence collective bargaining has been served pursuant to section 59(1) within 30 days after the date of certification of the bargaining agent, no employer affected by the notice shall, except

                                 (a)    in accordance with an established custom or practice of the employer,

                                 (b)    with the consent of the bargaining agent, or

                                 (c)    in accordance with a collective agreement in effect with respect to the bargaining agent,

alter the rates of pay, a term or condition of employment or a right or privilege of any employee represented by the bargaining agent or of the bargaining agent itself until 60 days after the date on which the notice is served.

(3)  If a notice to commence collective bargaining has been served pursuant to section 59(2), no employer affected by the notice shall, except

                                 (a)    in accordance with an established custom or practice of the employer,

                                 (b)    with the consent of the bargaining agent, or

                                 (c)    in accordance with a collective agreement in effect with respect to the bargaining agent,

alter the rates of pay, a term or condition of employment or a right or privilege of any employee represented by the bargaining agent or of the bargaining agent itself until the right of the bargaining agent to represent the employees is terminated or a strike or lockout commences under Division 13.

1988 cL-1.2 s145

Prohibited practices by employer, etc.

148(1)  No employer or employers’ organization and no person acting on behalf of an employer or employers’ organization shall

                                 (a)    participate in or interfere with

                                           (i)    the formation or administration of a trade union, or

                                          (ii)    the representation of employees by a trade union,

                                     or

                                 (b)    contribute financial or other support to a trade union.

(2)  An employer does not contravene subsection (1) by reason only that the employer

                                 (a)    in respect of a trade union that is a bargaining agent for the employer’s employees

                                           (i)    permits an employee or a representative of a trade union to confer with the employer during working hours or to attend to the business of the trade union during working hours without deduction in the computation of time worked by the employee and without deduction of wages in respect of the time so occupied,

                                          (ii)    provides free transportation to representatives of the trade union for purposes of collective bargaining, the administration of a collective agreement and related matters, or

                                         (iii)    permits the trade union to use the employer’s premises for the purposes of the trade union,

                                 (b)    makes to a trade union donations to be used solely for the welfare of the members of the trade union and their dependants, or

                                 (c)    expresses the employer’s views so long as the employer does not use coercion, intimidation, threats, promises or undue influence.

1988 cL-1.2 s146

Prohibited practices by employer, etc.

149   No employer or employers’ organization and no person acting on behalf of an employer or employers’ organization shall

                                 (a)    refuse to employ or to continue to employ any person or discriminate against any person in regard to employment or any term or condition of employment because the person

                                           (i)    is a member of a trade union or an applicant for membership in a trade union,

                                          (ii)    has indicated in writing the person’s selection of a trade union to be the bargaining agent on the person’s behalf,

                                         (iii)    has been expelled or suspended from membership in a trade union for a reason other than a failure to pay the periodic dues, assessments and initiation fees uniformly required to be paid by all members of the trade union as a condition of acquiring or retaining membership in the trade union,

                                         (iv)    has testified or otherwise participated in or may testify or otherwise participate in a proceeding under this Act,

                                          (v)    has made or is about to make a disclosure that the person may be required to make in a proceeding under this Act,

                                         (vi)    has made an application or filed a complaint under this Act,

                                        (vii)    has participated in any strike that is permitted by this Act, or

                                       (viii)    has exercised any right under this Act;

                                 (b)    impose any condition in a contract of employment that restrains, or has the effect of restraining, an employee from exercising any right conferred on the employee by this Act;

                                 (c)    seek by intimidation, dismissal, threat of dismissal or any other kind of threat, by the imposition of a pecuniary or other penalty or by any other means, to compel an employee to refrain from becoming or to cease to be a member, officer or representative of a trade union;

                                 (d)    suspend, discharge or impose any financial or other penalty on an employee, or take any other disciplinary action against an employee, by reason of that employee’s having refused to perform an act prohibited by this Act;

                                 (e)    bargain collectively for the purpose of entering into a collective agreement, or enter into a collective agreement, with a trade union in respect of a bargaining unit if that employer or employers’ organization or person acting on behalf of it knows, or in the opinion of the Board ought to know, that another trade union is the bargaining agent for that unit;

                                  (f)    suspend, discharge or impose any financial or other penalty on an employee, or take any other disciplinary action against an employee, by reason of the employee’s refusal to perform all or some of the duties and responsibilities of another employee who is participating in a strike that is permitted under this Act;

                                 (g)    discriminate against a person in regard to employment or membership in a trade union or intimidate or threaten to dismiss or in any other manner coerce a person or impose a pecuniary or other penalty on a person, because the person

                                           (i)    has testified or otherwise participated in or may testify or otherwise participate in a proceeding authorized or permitted under a collective agreement or a proceeding under this Act,

                                          (ii)    has made or is about to make a disclosure that the person may be required to make in a proceeding authorized or permitted under a collective agreement or a proceeding under this Act, or

                                         (iii)    has made an application or filed a complaint under this Act.

1988 cL-1.2 s147

Rights of employer

150   Nothing in this Act detracts from or interferes with the right of an employer to suspend, transfer or lay off employees, or to discharge employees for proper and sufficient cause.

1988 cL-1.2 s148

Prohibited practices by trade union, etc.

151   No trade union and no person acting on behalf of a trade union shall

                                 (a)    seek to compel an employer or employers’ organization to bargain collectively with the trade union if the trade union is not the bargaining agent for a unit of employees that includes employees of the employer;

                                 (b)    bargain collectively or enter into a collective agreement with an employer or employers’ organization in respect of a unit, if that trade union or person knows, or in the opinion of the Board ought to know, that another trade union is the bargaining agent for that unit of employees;

                                 (c)    participate in or interfere with the formation or administration of an employers’ organization;

                                 (d)    except with the consent of the employer of an employee, attempt, at an employee’s place of employment during the working hours of the employee, to persuade the employee to become, to refrain from becoming or to cease to be a member of a trade union;

                                 (e)    authorize, encourage or consent to a refusal by any employee in a unit in respect of which the trade union is the bargaining agent to perform work for the employee’s employer for the reason that other work was or will be performed or was not or will not be performed by any persons or class of persons who were not or are not members of a trade union or a particular trade union;

                                  (f)    use coercion, intimidation, threats, promises or undue influence of any kind with respect to any employee with a view to encouraging or discouraging membership or activity in or for a trade union;

                                 (g)    require an employer to terminate the employment of an employee because the employee has been expelled or suspended from membership in the trade union for a reason other than a failure to pay the periodic dues, assessments and initiation fees uniformly required to be paid by all members of the trade union as a condition of acquiring or retaining membership in the trade union;

                                 (h)    expel or suspend a person from membership in the trade union or take disciplinary action against or impose any form of penalty on a person by reason of the person having refused to perform an act that is contrary to this Act;

                                  (i)    expel or suspend a person from membership in the trade union or take disciplinary action against or impose any form of penalty on any person

                                           (i)    for engaging in employment in accordance with the terms of a collective agreement between the person’s employer and the trade union, or

                                          (ii)    for engaging in employment with an employer who is not a party to a collective agreement with the trade union if the trade union fails to make reasonable alternate employment available to that person within a reasonable time with an employer who is a party to a collective agreement with the trade union, unless the trade union and that person are participating in a strike that is permitted under this Act.

1988 cL-1.2 s149

Prohibited practices by trade union, etc.

152(1)  No trade union or person acting on behalf of a trade union shall

                                 (a)    expel or suspend a person from membership in the trade union or deny membership in the trade union to a person by applying to the person in a discriminatory manner the membership rules of the trade union;

                                 (b)    take disciplinary action against or impose any form of penalty on a person by applying to the person in a discriminatory manner the standards of discipline of the trade union.

(2)  The Board has no jurisdiction to hear a complaint made under subsection (1)(a) or (b) unless the complainant establishes to the satisfaction of the Board that

                                 (a)    the complainant presented an appeal to the trade union in accordance with the appeal procedure established by the trade union, and

                                 (b)    the trade union failed to deal with the matter within 6 months of the date the complainant made that appeal.

(3)  Subsection (2) does not apply when the Board is satisfied that

                                 (a)    the action or circumstance giving rise to the complaint is such that the complaint should be dealt with without delay, or

                                 (b)    the trade union has not given the complainant ready access to a reasonable appeal procedure.

1988 cL-1.2 s150

Fair representation

153(1)  No trade union or person acting on behalf of a trade union shall deny an employee or former employee who is or was in the bargaining unit the right to be fairly represented by the trade union with respect to the employee’s or former employee’s rights under the collective agreement.

(2)  Subsection (1) does not render a trade union liable to an employee for financial loss to the employee if

                                 (a)    the trade union acted in good faith in representing the employee, or

                                 (b)    the loss was as the result of the employee’s own conduct.

(3)  When a complaint is made in respect of an alleged denial of fair representation by a trade union under subsection (1), the Board may extend the time for the taking of any step in the grievance procedure under a collective agreement, notwithstanding the expiration of that time, subject to any conditions that the Board may prescribe, if the Board is satisfied that

                                 (a)    the denial of fair representation has resulted in loss of employment or substantial amounts of work by the employee or former employee,

                                 (b)    there are reasonable grounds for the extension, and

                                 (c)    the employer will not be substantially prejudiced by the extension, either as a result of an order that the trade union compensate the employer for any financial loss or otherwise.

1988 cL-1.2 s151

Dispute-related misconduct

154(1)  No employer, employers’ organization, trade union or employee and no person acting on behalf of an employer, employers’ organization, trade union or employee shall

                                 (a)    engage in dispute‑related misconduct, or

                                 (b)    use or authorize or permit the use of a person or organization of persons who are not involved in a dispute and whose primary object, in the Board’s opinion, is to prevent, interfere with or break up lawful activities in respect of a strike or lockout.

(2)  In this section, “dispute‑related misconduct” means a course of conduct of incitement, intimidation, coercion, undue influence, provocation, infiltration or any other similar course of conduct intended to prevent, interfere with or break up lawful activities or likely to induce a breach of the peace in respect of a strike or lockout.

1988 cL-1.2 s152

Insurance and pension rights

155(1)  No employer or employers’ organization and no person acting on behalf of an employer or employers’ organization shall deny to any employee any pension rights or benefits or insurance rights or benefits to which the employee would be entitled but for

                                 (a)    the cessation of work by the employee as the result of a lockout or strike that is permitted by this Act, or

                                 (b)    the dismissal of the employee contrary to this Act.

(2)  While an insurance scheme remains in force, no employer or person acting on behalf of an employer shall, without lawful excuse,

                                 (a)    deny or threaten to deny to an employee any benefit under the insurance scheme,

                                 (b)    cancel or threaten to cancel the insurance scheme,

                                 (c)    refuse to accept any of the premiums tendered by a bargaining agent on behalf of all the employees enrolled in the insurance scheme who are represented by the bargaining agent, or

                                 (d)    fail to remit to the insurer any of the premiums tendered by a bargaining agent,

in the circumstances referred to in subsection (3).

(3)  Subsection (2) applies where

                                 (a)    the employee in a unit of employees of the employer ceases to work because the employees in the unit are locked out by the employer or because the employees in the unit are on a lawful strike, and

                                 (b)    the trade union that was the bargaining agent for the employees in the unit at the time the lockout or strike commenced tenders, or attempts to tender, to the employer, for the duration of the lockout or strike, the premiums in respect of all the employees covered by the insurance scheme who are represented by the bargaining agent.

(4)  In this section,

                                 (a)    “insurance scheme” means a medical, dental, disability, life or other insurance scheme normally maintained by the employer on behalf of the employees in the unit;

                                 (b)    “premiums” includes all amounts payable by the employees and the employer in consideration for a contract of insurance.

1988 cL-1.2 s153

Division 24
Miscellaneous

Health, welfare and pension trusts

156(1)  Notwithstanding the Trustee Act, in any proceeding affecting a trust

                                 (a)    that has trustees representative in equal numbers of employers and trade unions,

                                 (b)    that is or has been authorized or sanctioned by a collective agreement,

                                 (c)    that involves health and welfare, pension or other similar benefits, and

                                 (d)    in respect of which the trust agreement or instrument has been filed with the Minister,

a trustee is not personally liable for the trustee’s actions or decisions as trustee whether taken or made before or after the coming into force of this section, nor shall any such actions or decisions be varied or set aside unless it can be shown to the satisfaction of the Court that the trustee failed to act honestly or in accordance with the purpose and intent of the trust agreement or instrument.

(2)  In a trust described in subsection (1), the Court may, on the application of the trustees or any of them and on the applicant’s giving any notice that the Court directs, order an amendment of the trust agreement or instrument that established the trust

                                 (a)    if, in the opinion of the majority of the trustees, it is difficult or impractical to otherwise validly amend the agreement or instrument and the majority has approved the proposed amendment, and

                                 (b)    if the Court is satisfied that the proposed amendment is in the interests of the management or administration of the trust and is fair and reasonable.

1988 cL-1.2 s154

Non-application of other Acts

157(1)  The Arbitration Act does not apply to an arbitration or other proceeding under this Act.

(2)  The Regulations Act does not apply to rules made by the Board under section 12(2)(g) or to an order, decision, notice, directive, declaration, award, recommendation or certificate issued or made by the Board, a disputes resolution tribunal or an arbitrator, arbitration board or other body referred to in Division 22.

1988 cL-1.2 s155;1994 c19 s1

Division 25
Offences and Penalties

Specific offences

158   An employer, employee or other person who

                                 (a)    contravenes or fails to comply with any request or notice of the Board, the Chair, a vice-chair or any other officer of the Board,

                                 (b)    wilfully delays or obstructs an officer in the exercise of any power or duty given to the officer under this Act,

                                 (c)    fails to produce any books, records, documents, papers, payrolls, contracts of employment or other record of employment that the employer, employee or other person is required to produce,

                                 (d)    conceals or attempts to conceal an employee or seeks to prevent the employee from appearing before or being examined by an officer, or

                                 (e)    makes a complaint to the Board knowing it to be untrue,

is guilty of an offence.

1988 cL-1.2 s156

Penalties re prohibited lockouts

159(1)  An employer or employers’ organization that commences or causes a lockout contrary to this Act is guilty of an offence and liable to a fine not exceeding $1000 for each day that the lockout continues.

(2)  A person not referred to in subsection (1) who commences, causes or consents to a lockout contrary to this Act is guilty of an offence and liable to a fine not exceeding $10 000.

1988 cL-1.2 s157

Penalties re prohibited strikes

160(1)  A trade union that causes a strike contrary to this Act is guilty of an offence and liable to a fine not exceeding $1000 for each day that the strike continues.

(2)  An officer or representative of a trade union who strikes or causes or consents to a strike contrary to this Act is guilty of an offence and liable to a fine not exceeding $10 000.

(3)  A person who is not a trade union or an officer or representative of a trade union who strikes or causes a strike contrary to this Act is guilty of an offence and liable to a fine not exceeding $1000.

1988 cL-1.2 s158

General offence and penalty

161   Subject to sections 159 and 160, a person, employee, employer, employers’ organization or trade union that contravenes or fails to comply with any provision of this Act or of any decision, order, directive, declaration or ruling made by the Board under this Act is guilty of an offence and liable

                                 (a)    in the case of a corporation, employers’ organization or trade union, to a fine not exceeding $10 000, or

                                 (b)    in the case of an individual, to a fine not exceeding $5000.

1988 cL-1.2 s159

Prosecutions

162   No prosecution for an offence under this Division shall be commenced without the consent in writing of the Minister.

1988 cL-1.2 s160

Part 2.1
Special Provisions Regarding Regional Health Authorities

Lieutenant Governor in Council regulations

162.1(1)  The Lieutenant Governor in Council may make regulations

                                 (a)    providing for the establishment of region-wide functional bargaining units as bargaining units for the purposes of this Act for all regional health authorities and their employees who are represented by a bargaining agent;

                                 (b)    governing the manner in which a bargaining agent and a receiving collective agreement are selected for each of the region-wide functional bargaining units, whether with or without a vote of employees, including, without limitation, regulations

                                           (i)    establishing types of collective agreements from which the receiving collective agreement for a region-wide functional bargaining unit will be selected;

                                          (ii)    respecting the manner of determining from which type of collective agreement the receiving collective agreement for a region-wide functional bargaining unit will be selected;

                                         (iii)    respecting the manner of determining which trade unions are eligible trade unions for the purposes of a vote by employees to select a bargaining agent for a region-wide functional bargaining unit, and respecting the circumstances under which such a vote may or must be conducted;

                                         (iv)    respecting the conduct of votes on any issue related to the selection of a bargaining agent or a receiving collective agreement;

                                 (c)    providing for the continuation of existing collective agreements;

                                 (d)    requiring employers and bargaining agents selected under this Part to bargain collectively in good faith and to make every reasonable effort to negotiate amendments to the receiving collective agreements selected under this Part so that the receiving collective agreements will contain terms and conditions of employment for all employees in the region-wide functional bargaining unit, and governing the means by which that is to be accomplished, including, without limitation, the method by which contentious issues between the parties are to be resolved;

                                 (e)    authorizing the Board to hear and determine a complaint that a party has failed to comply with a regulation under clause (d) and to remedy that failure in the same manner as it may remedy a failure to comply with section 60;

                                  (f)    authorizing the Board to make binding determinations as to terms and conditions to be included in a receiving collective agreement where the parties are unwilling or unable to do so;

                                 (g)    authorizing the Board to deem affiliated local unions of the same parent trade union to be one trade union for the purposes of this Part;

                                 (h)    requiring affiliated local unions of the same parent trade union to act as a single trade union for the purposes of this Act and to adopt rules and procedures for that purpose;

                                  (i)    authorizing the Board to do anything that a trade union, employer or employers’ organization is required to do under the regulations or by the Board and fails or refuses to do;

                                  (j)    providing for any transitional matters the Lieutenant Governor in Council considers necessary to ensure the transition from the implementation of this Part to collective bargaining under this Act generally.

(2)  A power or duty conferred on the Board in regulations under this section shall be construed as being in addition to the other powers and duties of the Board under this Act and not as limiting those powers and duties unless the contrary intention is expressly stated in the regulations or arises by necessary implication.

(3)  The Board may hear any matter or conduct any business under this Part through the chair or a vice-chair sitting alone.

(4)  Where this Act or the regulations provide that the Board may do anything or exercise any power on the application of any person or body, the Board may, for the purposes of this Part and the regulations, also exercise that power on its own motion.

(5)  Regulations under this section may be expressed to come into force on a date before the date on which they are filed, but not earlier than April 1, 2003.

2003 c6 s5

Disentitlement to severance and termination pay

162.2(1)  In this section, “prescribed entity” means a regional health authority, the Alberta Mental Health Board, the Alberta Cancer Board or any other entity.

(2)    Notwithstanding any other enactment or the terms of any collective agreement, the Lieutenant Governor in Council may make regulations providing that, in the circumstances and subject to the terms and conditions set out in the regulations, employees of a prescribed entity are not entitled to severance pay, termination pay or other compensation as a result of a change in governance or restructuring of the prescribed entity.

2003 c6 s5

Part 3
Construction Industry
Labour Relations

Division 1
Application

Application

163(1)  This Part applies to employers and employees engaged in the construction industry in respect of work in that industry.

(2)  In this Part,

                                 (a)    “group of trade unions” means one or more trade unions grouped together in an application for a registration certificate or in a registration certificate;

                                 (b)    “part of the construction industry” means that part of the construction industry that operates within a particular trade jurisdiction and a particular sector;

                                 (c)    “sector” means a division of the construction industry specified in the regulations as determined by work characteristics;

                                 (d)    “trade jurisdiction” means a trade jurisdiction established by the Board.

(3)  The Lieutenant Governor in Council may make regulations establishing sectors for the purposes of subsection (2).

1988 cL-1.2 s161

Division 2
Registered Employers
Organizations

Filing of constitution, etc., of employers organization

164(1)  In accordance with the rules and procedures established by the Board, an employers’ organization that intends to apply to become a registered employers’ organization shall file with the Board

                                 (a)    a copy of its constitution, bylaws or other constitutional documents, and

                                 (b)    the names and addresses of its president, secretary, officers and other organizers and the names of its officers who are authorized to sign collective agreements.

(2)  An employers’ organization shall send to the Board any changes to the information supplied under subsection (1) as soon as possible after the change is made and in any event when required to do so by the Board.

1988 cL-1.2 s162

Collection of dues

165(1)  A registered employers’ organization may require an employer who is bound by a collective agreement entered into by the registered employers’ organization or on whose behalf the registered employers’ organization bargains collectively to pay dues to the registered employers’ organization if the dues

                                 (a)    are uniformly required to be paid by all members to the registered employers’ organization, and

                                 (b)    are reasonably related to the services performed by the registered employers’ organization in respect of its duties under this Act.

(2)  If an employer fails to pay the dues required under subsection (1), the dues are a debt payable by the employer to the registered employers’ organization and may be collected by civil action.

(3)  This section does not restrict the ability of a registered employers’ organization to establish and collect dues from its members in addition to the dues referred to in subsection (1).

1988 cL-1.2 s163

Division 3
Registration

Application for registration

166   An employers’ organization may apply to the Board to be registered as the agent for collective bargaining for the employers in respect of a part of the construction industry that the employers’ organization considers appropriate for collective bargaining.

1988 cL-1.2 s164

Evidence in support of application

167(1)  An application for registration shall specify that part of the construction industry for which registration is sought, and the trade unions that the employers’ organization seeks to have included within the scope of the registration.

(2)  An application for registration shall be supported by evidence, in a form satisfactory to the Board, that the employers’ organization has as members at least 40% of the employers engaged in that part of the construction industry to which the application relates with whom one or more of the trade unions in the group of trade unions specified in the application have established the right of collective bargaining.

1988 cL-1.2 s165

Inquiry into registration application

168(1)  Before granting an application for registration, the Board shall satisfy itself, after any investigation that it considers necessary, that

                                 (a)    the applicant is an employers’ organization,

                                 (b)    the application is timely,

                                 (c)    the part of the construction industry specified in the application, or a part reasonably similar to it, is an appropriate part for the purposes of collective bargaining,

                                 (d)    the trade union or trade unions specified in the application are appropriately grouped in one registration certificate for the purposes of collective bargaining,

                                 (e)    the employers engaged in the part of the construction industry who are subject to a bargaining relationship with the trade union have voted, at a representation vote conducted by the Board, to select the employers’ organization as their agent for collective bargaining,

                                  (f)    the application is not prohibited by section 174, and

                                 (g)    it is otherwise appropriate to grant the registration after consideration of any other factors that the Board considers relevant.

(2)  Before conducting a representation vote, the Board shall satisfy itself, on the basis of the evidence submitted in support of the application and the Board’s investigation in respect of that evidence, that at the time of the application for registration, the employers’ organization had as members at least 40% of the employers engaged in that part of the construction industry to which the application relates with whom one or more of the trade unions in the group of trade unions specified in the application have established the right of collective bargaining.

(3)  The Board shall conduct any representation vote and shall complete its inquiries into and consideration of an application for registration as soon as possible.

1988 cL-1.2 s166

Determining employers affected by application

169(1)  For the purpose of determining whether employers engaged in the part of the construction industry in respect of whom a trade union has established the right of collective bargaining are members of the employers’ organization applying for registration, the Board may fix a period of time during which any employer so engaged is deemed to be an employer for the purposes of the application.

(2)  In any inquiry into an application for registration, the Board may

                                 (a)    determine which employers come within or should be excluded from the part of the construction industry,

                                 (b)    alter or amend the trade jurisdiction applied for,

                                 (c)    alter or amend the grouping of trade unions applied for, and

                                 (d)    do any other things it considers appropriate.

(3)  When required to do so by the Board, a trade union shall notify the Board in writing of any bargaining relationship with an employer who is affected by a registration certificate or an application for registration whether that relationship is created by the signing by the trade union of

                                 (a)    a collective agreement,

                                 (b)    an agreement providing for voluntary recognition of the trade union, or

                                 (c)    an agreement to be bound by the terms and conditions of a collective agreement.

1988 cL-1.2 s167

Timeliness of application for registration

170(1)  No application for registration shall be made without the Board’s consent until at least 60 days after the applicant has complied with section 164(1)(a).

(2)  An application for registration may be made by an employers’ organization at any time except

                                 (a)    when the majority of employers who would be affected by the application and the trade union named in the application are bargaining collectively, or

                                 (b)    in the 10‑month period preceding the end of the term of the collective agreement between the trade union and the majority of the employers who would be affected by the application.

(3)  The Board may refuse an application if, in the opinion of the Board, the application is untimely considering any seasonal factors affecting the work related to the part of the construction industry applied for.

1988 cL-1.2 s168;1994 c23 s23

Appropriate parts for collective bargaining

171(1)  In deciding whether a part of the construction industry is appropriate for collective bargaining, the Board shall establish trade jurisdictions within the sectors in a manner it considers appropriate for collective bargaining.

(2)  Registration certificates shall be granted for a part of the construction industry on a Province‑wide basis for a trade jurisdiction within a sector of the construction industry.

1988 cL-1.2 s169

Grouping of trade unions

172   The Board, in deciding which trade unions to group together in respect of a registration certificate, shall have regard to

                                 (a)    the Province‑wide nature of bargaining,

                                 (b)    the fact that local trade unions are affiliated with, or are locals of, one or more trade union organizations, and

                                 (c)    the ability of the trade unions to bargain collectively as a group and to administer a collective agreement as a group,

and any other matter the Board considers relevant.

1988 cL-1.2 s170

Representation vote

173(1)  A representation vote of employers affected by an application for registration shall be conducted by the Board by secret ballot at a time to be fixed by the Board.

(2)  A representation vote shall be decided on the basis of a majority of the ballots cast by employers in the part of the construction industry subject to one or more bargaining obligations with the trade union or the trade unions within the group of trade unions.

(3)  For the purposes of conducting any representation vote, the Board may deem a person to be an employer or not to be an employer on a given date where, in the Board’s opinion, it is appropriate to do so.

1988 cL-1.2 s171

Registered employers organization dominated by trade union

174   An employers’ organization shall not be registered as an agent for collective bargaining if its administration, management or policy is, in the opinion of the Board,

                                 (a)    dominated by a trade union, or

                                 (b)    influenced by a trade union so that the employers’ organization’s fitness to represent employers for the purposes of collective bargaining is impaired.

1988 cL-1.2 s172

Issue of registration certificate

175(1)  When the Board is satisfied with respect to the matters referred to in section 168 and satisfied, after considering any other relevant matter, that the employers’ organization should be registered, the Board shall grant a registration certificate to the applicant employers’ organization.

(2)  The registration certificate shall state

                                 (a)    the name of the registered employers’ organization,

                                 (b)    the name of the trade union or trade unions in the group of trade unions with which the registered employers’ organization may bargain collectively, and

                                 (c)    the part of the construction industry in respect of which the registered employers’ organization and the group of trade unions may bargain collectively.

(3)  When 2 or more trade unions are named in a registration certificate as a group of trade unions, this Act applies to the group of trade unions with respect to the registration, the settlement of disputes, strikes or lockouts, and the administration of the collective agreement as if they were a single trade union.

(4)  When the Board grants a registration certificate in respect of a group of trade unions, the trade unions in the group shall forthwith establish rules and procedures for the administration of the registration certificate, collective bargaining in respect of that registration certificate and the administration of any collective agreements entered into with the registered employers’ organization.

(5)  If the group of trade unions fails to establish adequate rules and procedures in accordance with subsection (4), the Board may establish rules and procedures and those rules and procedures are binding on each trade union within the group of trade unions.

(6)  An application to the Board to establish rules and procedures under subsection (5) may be made by the registered employers’ organization, any employer bound by the registration certificate who is adversely affected by any failure to establish adequate rules and procedures, or any trade union within the group of trade unions.

1988 cL-1.2 s173

Effect of registration

176(1)  On the issuance of a registration certificate, the employers’ organization named in it becomes a registered employers’ organization and has exclusive authority to bargain collectively with the group of trade unions named in the registration certificate on behalf of

                                 (a)    all employers actually or customarily engaged in the part of the construction industry set out in the registration certificate with whom any of the trade unions in the group of trade unions has established, or subsequently establishes, the right of collective bargaining, and

                                 (b)    any other employer actually or customarily engaged in the construction industry who is party to an agreement, notwithstanding anything in that agreement, that provides that the employer shall comply with any of the terms of a collective agreement entered into by any of the trade unions in the group of trade unions in respect of work in the part of the construction industry set out in the registration certificate, but only while that agreement to comply remains in force.

(2)  Subsection (1) applies to employers only to the extent of their collective bargaining obligations with a trade union.

1988 cL-1.2 s174

Directive re collective agreement

177(1)  When a registration certificate has been issued to an employers’ organization, the Board, on the application of

                                 (a)    the registered employers’ organization,

                                 (b)    a trade union named in the registration certificate, or

                                 (c)    an employer referred to in section 176,

may consider whether a collective agreement entered into before the issuance of the registration certificate should continue or terminate or, if there is no collective agreement in effect, whether an interim collective agreement should be entered into.

(2)  The Board after any inquiry it considers necessary may, with respect to an application made under subsection (1),

                                 (a)    direct that any collective agreement entered into before the issuance of the registration certificate

                                           (i)    continue, under conditions specified by the Board, or

                                          (ii)    terminate, either immediately or at a future date,

                                     and

                                 (b)    make any other direction it considers necessary.

1988 cL-1.2 s175

Collective agreement between employers organization
and trade union

178   When a registered employers’ organization and a group of trade unions enter into a collective agreement, the collective agreement is binding on

                                 (a)    the employers referred to in section 176,

                                 (b)    the employees of the employers referred to in clause (a),

                                 (c)    the registered employers’ organization insofar as the terms and conditions of the collective agreement apply to it, and

                                 (d)    the group of trade unions and each trade union within the group.

1988 cL-1.2 s176

Notification of creation of bargaining relationship

179   Within 30 days after the signing by a trade union of

                                 (a)    a collective agreement,

                                 (b)    an agreement providing for voluntary recognition of the trade union, or

                                 (c)    an agreement to be bound by the terms and conditions of a collective agreement

with an employer referred to in section 176, the trade union shall notify the Board and the registered employers’ organization in writing of the creation of a bargaining relationship with the employer.

1988 cL-1.2 s177

Division 4
Successor Registered Employers
Organizations and Mergers

Mergers and transfers

180(1)  No registered employers’ organization shall

                                 (a)    merge or amalgamate with another registered employers’ organization, or

                                 (b)    transfer its rights under a registration certificate to any other employers’ organization.

(2)  Notwithstanding subsection (1), the Board may authorize a registered employers’ organization to merge or amalgamate with another registered employers’ organization or transfer its rights under a registration certificate if the Board considers it necessary because of an alteration or amendment

                                 (a)    in the designation of a sector or trade jurisdiction, or

                                 (b)    in the grouping of trade unions in a registration certificate.

1988 cL-1.2 s178

Division 5
Termination of Registration

Application for cancellation of registration certificate

181(1)  When an employers’ organization has been registered by the Board, an application for the cancellation of the registration certificate may be made to the Board by the registered employers’ organization, an employer affected by the registration certificate, or a trade union.

(2)  An application under subsection (1) may be made

                                 (a)    after 10 months has elapsed since the date of issue of the registration certificate, if no notice to commence collective bargaining has been served by either the registered employers’ organization or the bargaining agent,

                                 (b)    after 10 months has elapsed since notice to commence collective bargaining was served by the employers’ organization or the bargaining agent and no collective agreement has been concluded, or

                                 (c)    if a collective agreement between the registered employers’ organization and the bargaining agent is in force, at any time in the 2 months prior to the end of the term of the collective agreement.

(3)  If a strike or lockout is in effect, no application under subsection (1) shall be made except with the consent of the Board.

1988 cL-1.2 s179

Cancellation of registration certificate

182(1)  On receipt of an application for cancellation of a registration certificate of a registered employers’ organization, the Board may determine the wishes of the employers in respect of whom the employers’ organization is registered in any manner that the Board considers adequate.

(2)  The Board, after considering an application for cancellation of a registration certificate of a registered employers’ organization,

                                 (a)    shall cancel the registration certificate if it is satisfied that the majority of employers affected by the registration certificate no longer wish the registered employers’ organization to bargain collectively on their behalf, and

                                 (b)    may cancel the registration certificate if it is satisfied that

                                           (i)    there have been no employers affected by the registration certificate engaged in the part of the construction industry for a period of at least 3 years, or

                                          (ii)    the majority of employers affected by the registration certificate have not employed employees in the part of the construction industry for a period of at least 3 years.

(3)  When a registration certificate is cancelled under subsection (2),

                                 (a)    each trade union in the group of trade unions retains all rights of collective bargaining existing in respect of the individual employers with whom it has established the right of collective bargaining,

                                 (b)    any collective agreement in effect between the trade unions in the group of trade unions and the registered employers’ organization continues to be binding, to the extent of their bargaining relationships, on

                                           (i)    every employer who was bound by the collective agreement at the time of cancellation of the registration certificate, and

                                          (ii)    each trade union in the group of trade unions and every employee bound by the collective agreement,

                                     and

                                 (c)    the employers’ organization ceases to be registered as an agent for collective bargaining on behalf of the employers.

1988 cL-1.2 s180

Division 6
Collective Bargaining

Expiry of collective agreement

183   Subject to section 130, a collective agreement entered into by a party to whom this Part applies shall provide for the expiry of the agreement on April 30 calculated biennially from April 30, 1989.

1988 cL-1.2 s181

Consolidation order

184(1)  Prior to the commencement of each biennial round of collective bargaining with respect to registered employers’ organizations and groups of trade unions affected by registration certificates, the Board shall determine which registered employers’ organizations and which groups of trade unions shall be consolidated for the purposes of the ensuing round of collective bargaining.

(2)  In determining which groups of trade unions and which registered employers’ organizations should be consolidated under subsection (1), the Board shall consider

                                 (a)    whether the groups of trade unions have an affiliation with a central body,

                                 (b)    the likelihood of common industrial action and serial strikes and lockouts, and

                                 (c)    the sectors within the construction industry.

(3)  The Board shall issue an order specifying which registered employers’ organizations and which groups of trade unions are consolidated for the next ensuing round of collective bargaining.

1988 cL-1.2 s182

Strike votes

185(1)  The Board shall supervise strike votes in respect of the construction industry subject to registration certificates on the basis of the consolidation order under section 184.

(2)  A group of trade unions may apply to the Board for the supervision of a strike vote at any time after the expiry of the cooling-0ffperiod referred to in section 65(7) and after the expiry of any collective agreement previously in force with the registered employers’ organization.

(3)  The Board shall not supervise a strike vote with respect to a group of trade unions in a sector until the Board receives applications from at least 60% of all those groups of trade unions in a sector that the Board has consolidated under section 184 and that have not settled the terms of a collective agreement.

(4)  The Board shall require a return from each group of trade unions participating in the consolidated vote showing

                                 (a)    the number of persons entitled to vote and voting,

                                 (b)    the number of votes in favour of strike action, and

                                 (c)    the number of votes opposed to strike action.

(5)  The strike vote with respect to each of the groups of trade unions consolidated in the vote is deemed to have been not in favour of a strike unless

                                 (a)    the votes in respect of at least 60% of the groups of trade unions result in a vote of at least 50% of the employees entitled to vote and voting in each of the groups of trade unions in favour of strike action, and

                                 (b)    at least 60% of the employees entitled to vote and voting in the overall consolidated vote, vote in favour of strike action.

1988 cL-1.2 s183

Strikes

186(1)  Notwithstanding anything in this Act, no trade union or group of trade unions named in a registration certificate, no person acting on behalf of such a trade union and no person employed in the construction industry who is affected by registration shall strike or cause a strike in respect of the construction industry unless the strike is permitted by this Division.

(2)  A group of trade unions wishing to strike may do so only if

                                 (a)    a strike vote has been supervised in accordance with section 185 and resulted in a vote in favour of strike action,

                                 (b)    all those groups of trade unions that were involved in the consolidated strike vote and that have not settled the terms of a collective agreement serve notice to strike and strike at the same time, and

                                 (c)    a strike notice is served on the registered employers’ organizations in accordance with section 78.

1988 cL-1.2 s184

Lockout votes

187(1)  The Board shall supervise lockout votes in respect of the construction industry subject to registration certificates on the basis of the consolidation order under section 184.

(2)  A registered employers’ organization may apply to the Board for the supervision of a lockout vote at any time after the expiry of the cooling-0ffperiod referred to in section 65(7) and after the expiry of any collective agreement previously in force with that registered employers’ organization.

(3)  The Board shall not supervise a lockout vote with respect to a registered employers’ organization until the Board receives applications from 60% of those registered employers’ organizations that the Board has consolidated under section 184 and that have not settled the terms of a collective agreement.

(4)  The Board shall require a return from each registered employers’ organization participating in the consolidated vote showing

                                 (a)    the number of employers in each registered employers’ organization entitled to vote and voting,

                                 (b)    the number of votes in favour of lockout action, and

                                 (c)    the number of votes opposed to lockout action.

(5)  The lockout vote with respect to each of the groups of registered employers’ organizations consolidated in the vote is deemed to have been not in favour of a lockout unless

                                 (a)    the vote in respect of at least 60% of the registered employers’ organizations result in a vote of at least 50% of the employers entitled to vote and voting in each registered employers’ organization in favour of lockout action, and

                                 (b)    at least 60% of the votes cast by employers entitled to vote and voting in the overall consolidated vote are in favour of lockout action.

1988 cL-1.2 s185;1989 c17 s11

Lockouts

188(1)  Notwithstanding anything in this Act, no registered employers’ organization or employer referred to in section 176, and no person acting on behalf of a registered employers’ organization or an employer referred to in section 176 shall lock out or cause a lockout in respect of the construction industry unless the lockout is permitted by this Division.

(2)  A group of registered employers’ organizations wishing to lock out may do so only if

                                 (a)    a lockout vote has been supervised in accordance with section 187 and resulted in a vote in favour of lockout action,

                                 (b)    all those registered employers’ organizations that were involved in the consolidated lockout vote and that have not settled the terms of a collective agreement serve notice to lock out and lock out at the same time, and

                                 (c)    a lockout notice is served on the groups of trade unions in accordance with section 78.

1988 cL-1.2 s186

Dispute resolution

189(1)  When 75% of the groups of trade unions and registered employers’ organizations in the sector have entered into collective agreements,

                                 (a)    the Minister shall refer the remaining items in dispute to the construction industry disputes resolution tribunal if the Minister is requested to do so by one or more of the parties that have not entered into collective agreements, or

                                 (b)    the Minister may on the Minister’s own motion refer the remaining items in dispute to the construction industry disputes resolution tribunal.

(2)  When the Minister refers items in dispute to the construction industry disputes resolution tribunal under subsection (1), any strike or lockout in existence between the parties is deemed to terminate and the terms and conditions of employment that applied to the parties immediately prior to the strike or lockout are deemed to continue.

1988 cL-1.2 s187

Referral of dispute

190(1)  When the Minister refers a dispute to the construction industry disputes resolution tribunal, the tribunal shall inquire into the dispute and endeavour to assist the parties to resolve the dispute.

(2)  If the dispute is not settled by agreement, the tribunal shall

                                 (a)    make its award, and its award shall deal with each item in dispute, and

                                 (b)    forward a copy of the award to the parties to the dispute.

(3)  The award of the construction industry disputes resolution tribunal is binding on the parties to the dispute and shall be incorporated into a collective agreement.

(4)  The construction industry disputes resolution tribunal shall implement any method or combination of methods of arbitration that the Minister directs it to implement to resolve any or all of the items in dispute.

(5)  Without restricting the generality of subsection (4), the method or combination of methods of arbitration implemented under that subsection may include the method of arbitration known as “final offer selection”.

1988 cL-1.2 s188

Construction industry disputes resolution tribunal

191(1)  The Minister may establish a construction industry disputes resolution tribunal.

(2)  The Minister may, with respect to the construction industry disputes resolution tribunal,

                                 (a)    appoint or provide for the appointment of one or more persons as its members, and

                                 (b)    if more than one person is appointed, designate a chair.

(3)  The persons appointed as members of the construction industry disputes resolution tribunal have the powers, duties and immunities of a commissioner under the Public Inquiries Act.

(4)  The Minister may prescribe the remuneration and expenses to be paid to the members of the construction industry disputes resolution tribunal.

1988 cL-1.2 s189

Construction common employer declarations

192(1)  On the application of an employer or a trade union affected, when, in the opinion of the Board, associated or related activities or businesses, undertakings or other activities are carried on under common control or direction by or through more than one corporation, partnership, person or association of persons, the Board may declare the corporations, partnerships, persons or associations of persons to be one employer for the purposes of this Act.

(2)  If, in an application under subsection (1), the Board considers that activities or businesses, undertakings or other activities are carried on by or through more than one corporation, partnership, person or association of persons in order to avoid a collective bargaining relationship with a trade union in a part of the construction industry, the Board shall make a declaration under subsection (1) with respect to those corporations, partnerships, persons or associations of persons and the Board may grant any relief, by way of declaration or otherwise, that it considers appropriate, effective as of the date on which the application was made or any subsequent date.

(3)  Notwithstanding subsection (2), if a trade union makes an application under subsection (1), the Board shall not make a declaration under subsection (1) in respect of a corporation, partnership, person or association of persons that does not employ employees who perform work of the kind performed by members of the applicant trade union.

1988 cL-1.2 s190

Division 7
Co‑ordination of Bargaining in Sectors of the Construction Industry

Co‑ordination of bargaining in sectors of the
construction industry

193(1)  The Minister, if the Minister is satisfied that an organization is an appropriate organization to co-ordinate collective bargaining in the construction industry,

                                 (a)    may designate the organization as a construction industry employee co-ordinating agency or a construction industry employer co-ordinating agency, as the case may be, and

                                 (b)    may specify that sector of the construction industry in respect of which the organization is designated as the co-ordinating agency.

(2)  An organization designated under subsection (1)

                                 (a)    shall not participate directly in collective bargaining between employers, employers’ organizations and trade unions, and

                                 (b)    has no authority to bind an employer, employers’ organization or trade union in the course of its activities as a co-ordinating agency under this section.

1988 cL-1.2 s191

Division 8
Collective Agreements Relating to
Major Construction Projects

Interpretation

194(1)  In this Division,

                                 (a)    “plant” means a plant or other works or undertakings for the production or manufacture of petroleum products, natural gas products, pulp and paper products or any other products specified in the regulations;

                                 (b)    “principal contractor” means the person, corporation, partnership or group of persons primarily responsible for the construction of a plant or the alteration of or addition to an existing plant, and may include an owner of the plant or a person contracting with the owner for the construction, alteration or addition;

                                 (c)    “project” means the construction of a plant or the alteration of or addition to an existing plant, and includes providing camp or catering facilities in connection with that construction, alteration or addition.

(2)  The Lieutenant Governor in Council may make regulations specifying products for the purposes of subsection (1)(a).

1988 cL-1.2 s192

Application for authorization

195(1)  A person who wishes to engage in a major project may apply to the Minister for an authorization allowing a principal contractor to bargain collectively with respect to the project.

(2)  An application under subsection (1) shall be in the form and contain the information prescribed by the Minister.

(3)  If the Minister considers that the project is significant to the economy of Alberta, the Minister shall forward the application to the Lieutenant Governor in Council.

1988 cL-1.2 s193

Designation of project

196(1)  If the Lieutenant Governor in Council is satisfied that it is in the public interest that a person or a designated principal contractor be authorized to bargain collectively as a principal contractor of a project in respect of which the Minister has received an application under section 195, the Lieutenant Governor in Council may by regulation designate the project as a project to which this Division applies, and authorize the principal contractor to bargain collectively in respect of that project.

(2)  In a regulation made under subsection (1) or in any subsequent regulation, the Lieutenant Governor in Council may also

                                 (a)    designate the principal contractor,

                                 (b)    prescribe the scope of construction to which a collective agreement under this Division shall apply, and

                                 (c)    provide for the method by which it shall be determined when the completion of the project occurs for the purposes of section 199.

(3)  A designation granted in favour of an owner of a project or a principal contractor may, with the consent of the Minister, be delegated to another principal contractor or another owner or from one principal contractor of the project to another principal contractor of the project.

1988 cL-1.2 s194

Collective bargaining by principal contractor and trade unions

197(1)  Subject to subsection (2) and the regulations under section 196, a principal contractor designated under section 196 may engage in voluntary collective bargaining on the principal contractor’s own behalf and on behalf of any other employer engaged in the project with any trade union that is a bargaining agent of the employees of the principal contractor or of the employees of those employers referred to in this subsection.

(2)  A principal contractor and a trade union referred to in subsection (1) may bargain collectively with respect to any terms or conditions of employment of the employees referred to in that subsection.

(3)  When a collective agreement is in effect between

                                 (a)    the principal contractor in the principal contractor’s capacity as an employer or any other employer referred to in subsection (1), and

                                 (b)    a trade union,

the collective agreement and the rights of the parties to that collective agreement are unaffected by any collective bargaining between a principal contractor and a trade union pursuant to this section.

(4)  This section applies notwithstanding that

                                 (a)    a registration certificate is in effect with respect to

                                           (i)    the principal contractor in the principal contractor’s capacity as an employer or any other employer on whose behalf a principal contractor is authorized to bargain collectively under this section, and

                                          (ii)    a trade union,

                                     or

                                 (b)    a collective agreement is in force between

                                           (i)    the principal contractor in the principal contractor’s capacity as an employer or any other employer on whose behalf a principal contractor is authorized to bargain collectively under this section or any employers’ organization, and

                                          (ii)    a trade union.

(5)  Sections 59 to 83 and 163 to 193 do not apply to a principal contractor and a trade union in respect of collective bargaining under this section.

(6)  No principal contractor, no employer for whom a principal contractor is authorized to bargain and no trade union or persons shall strike or lock out or cause a strike or lockout with respect to the negotiation of a collective agreement under this Division.

1988 cL-1.2 s195

Persons bound by collective agreement

198   A collective agreement entered into between a principal contractor and a trade union under this Division is binding on

                                 (a)    the principal contractor in the principal contractor’s capacity as the principal contractor,

                                 (b)    the principal contractor in the principal contractor’s capacity as an employer to the extent that the principal contractor is an employer engaged in the designated project,

                                 (c)    the employers on whose behalf the principal contractor bargained collectively to the extent that they are employers engaged in the designated project,

                                 (d)    any other employer who becomes engaged in the designated project after the principal contractor and the trade union entered into a collective agreement, to the extent that the employer is an employer engaged in the designated project,

                                 (e)    the trade union, to the extent that the trade union is the bargaining agent for employees of the employers referred to in this section and to the extent that those employees are employed in the designated project, and

                                  (f)    the employees on whose behalf the trade union bargained collectively and who become part of the bargaining unit of the trade union, to the extent that the employees are employed in the designated project by the employers referred to in this section.

1988 cL-1.2 s196

Signatures on and duration of collective agreement

199(1)  If the terms and conditions of a collective agreement entered into between a principal contractor and a trade union under this Division have been settled, the principal contractor and the trade union shall sign the collective agreement.

(2)  If a collective agreement is entered into between a principal contractor and a trade union under this Division,

                                 (a)    no employer on whose behalf the principal contractor bargained collectively,

                                 (b)    no employer who becomes bound by the collective agreement after it is entered into, and

                                 (c)    no employee on whose behalf a trade union bargained collectively or who becomes part of the bargaining unit of the trade union,

is required to sign the collective agreement.

(3)  A collective agreement entered into between a principal contractor and a trade union under this Division is deemed

                                 (a)    to be a collective agreement for the purposes of this Act, and

                                 (b)    to continue in force until its expiry, the completion of the designated project or the repeal of the regulation under section 196, whichever first occurs.

(4)  Section 130 does not apply to a collective agreement entered into between a principal contractor and a trade union under this Division.

(5)  Notwithstanding subsection (3)(b), if the project occurs in phases, a collective agreement under this Division is deemed to continue in force with respect to any phase of construction until the completion of that phase of construction or the repeal of the regulation under section 196(1), whichever first occurs.

1988 cL-1.2 s197

Effect of collective agreement

200(1)  If a collective agreement is entered into between a principal contractor and a trade union under this Division,

                                 (a)    the principal contractor, to the extent that the principal contractor is an employer engaged in the designated project,

                                 (b)    the employers on whose behalf the principal contractor bargained collectively, to the extent that they are employers engaged in the designated project,

                                 (c)    any other employer who becomes engaged in the designated project after the principal contractor and the trade union entered into a collective agreement, to the extent that the employer is an employer engaged in the designated project,

                                 (d)    the trade union, to the extent that the trade union is the bargaining agent for employees of the employers referred to in this section and to the extent that those employees are employed in the designated project, and

                                 (e)    the employees on whose behalf the trade union bargained collectively or who become part of the bargaining unit of the trade union, to the extent that the employees are employed in the designated project,

are during the currency of that collective agreement deemed to be excluded as provided in subsection (2).

(2)  Where subsection (1) applies, the persons referred to in that subsection are during the currency of the collective agreement deemed to be excluded from

                                 (a)    any registration certificate and the effects of any registration certificate,

                                 (b)    any other collective agreement, and

                                 (c)    if applicable, any application for a registration certificate, any registration certificate issued as a result of the application and any collective agreement entered into afterwards between a registered employers’ organization and a trade union,

that, but for this Division, would have applied to them.

1988 cL-1.2 s198

Application of other provisions of Act

201(1)  If a collective agreement is entered into between a principal contractor and a trade union under this Division, section 40(3)(b), section 54(2)(b) and section 129 do not apply to

                                 (a)    the principal contractor, employers, trade unions and employees referred to in and to the extent specified in section 200, or

                                 (b)    the collective agreement between the principal contractor and the trade union.

(2)  If a conflict arises between the provisions of this Division or the regulations under this Division and any other provisions of this Act, this Division or the regulations under this Division shall prevail.

1988 cL-1.2 s199

Division 9
Work Jurisdiction Disputes in the Construction Industry

Alberta Impartial Jurisdictional Disputes Board

202(1)  The Minister may make any regulations that the Minister considers necessary for the purpose of effecting the final and binding settlement of differences arising in the construction industry with respect to the assignment of work to members of a trade union or to workers of a particular trade, craft or class.

(2)  Without restricting the power of the Minister under subsection (1), the Minister may, by regulation,

                                 (a)    establish or provide for the establishment of the Alberta Impartial Jurisdictional Disputes Board;

                                 (b)    appoint or nominate or provide for the appointment or nomination of members to the Alberta Impartial Jurisdictional Disputes Board, or provide a method by which the members are appointed;

                                 (c)    prescribe the terms of office of all or some of the members of the Alberta Impartial Jurisdictional Disputes Board either specifically or generally;

                                 (d)    prescribe or provide for the establishment of rules of procedure for the conduct of business coming before the Alberta Impartial Jurisdictional Disputes Board;

                                 (e)    govern the manner in which investigations and inquiries are to be conducted by the Alberta Impartial Jurisdictional Disputes Board.

(3)  The Minister may enter into an agreement with one or more persons or organizations to establish and operate or provide for the establishment and operation of the Alberta Impartial Jurisdictional Disputes Board for the purpose of effecting the final and binding settlement of differences referred to in subsection (1).

(4)  A person or organization may enter into an agreement to establish and operate the Alberta Impartial Jurisdictional Disputes Board for the purposes referred to in subsection (1), but the Board so established

                                 (a)    does not become effective for the purposes of this Division until the Minister approves the agreement, and

                                 (b)    remains effective for the purposes of this Division only while the Minister’s approval under clause (a) is unrevoked.

1988 cL-1.2 s200

Reference of difference to Board

203   If, after the establishment of the Alberta Impartial Jurisdictional Disputes Board, a difference arises in the construction industry following the assignment of work to members of a trade union or to workers of a particular trade, craft or class, a party to the difference who wishes it resolved shall refer the difference to the Alberta Impartial Jurisdictional Disputes Board for its decision.

1988 cL-1.2 s201

Judicial review

204(1)  Subject to subsection (2), no decision, recommendation or proceeding of the Alberta Impartial Jurisdictional Disputes Board shall be questioned or reviewed in any court by application for judicial review or otherwise, and no order shall be made or process entered or proceedings taken in any court, whether by way of injunction, declaratory judgment, prohibition, quo warranto or otherwise, to question, review, prohibit or restrain the Alberta Impartial Jurisdictional Disputes Board or any of its proceedings.

(2)  A decision, recommendation or proceeding of the Alberta Impartial Jurisdictional Disputes Board may be questioned or reviewed by way of an application for judicial review seeking an order in the nature of certiorari or mandamus if the originating notice is filed with the Court no later than 30 days after the date of the decision, recommendation or proceeding or reasons in respect of it, whichever is later.

(3)  The Court may, in respect of any application under subsection (2),

                                 (a)    determine the issues to be resolved on the application, and

                                 (b)    limit the contents of the return from the  Alberta Impartial Jurisdictional Disputes Board to those materials necessary for the disposition of those issues.

1988 cL-1.2 s202

Enforcement of Boards decision

205   A decision of the Alberta Impartial Jurisdictional Disputes Board may be filed by an employer, employers’ organization or trade union affected by the decision with the clerk of the Court and, on filing, the decision is enforceable as a judgment or order of the Court.

1988 cL-1.2 s203

Reconsideration

206   On the application of a party to a difference that was the subject of a decision of the Alberta Impartial Jurisdictional Disputes Board, the Alberta Impartial Jurisdictional Disputes Board may, whether or not it has previously made a decision with respect to the matter,

                                 (a)    reconsider a matter, or

                                 (b)    hear new evidence with respect to a matter previously heard by it,

and may revoke or amend a former decision or may replace its decision with another.

1988 cL-1.2 s204

Part 4
Transitional

Transitional

207(1)  All applications, proceedings, actions and inquiries commenced under the Labour Relations Act, RSA 1980 cL-1.1, shall be continued to their conclusion and treated for all purposes as if this Act had not come into force and the Labour Relations Act had remained in force.

(2)  All agreements, instruments and other documents filed with the Minister or the Board under the Labour Relations Act, RSA 1980 cL-1.1, are deemed to have been filed under this Act.

(3)  No notice under section 43 is permitted with respect to a collective agreement entered into as the result of voluntary collective bargaining if that collective agreement is in force on November 28, 1988.

(4)  On November 28, 1988, the Board shall issue a certificate to replace each certificate subsisting under the Labour Relations Act, RSA 1980 cL-1.1.

(5)  In issuing replacement certificates under subsection (4), the Board may amend the bargaining unit descriptions contained in the original certificate in order to

                                 (a)    clarify the geographic scope of the unit description where that scope is referred to in the certificate but not in the unit description,

                                 (b)    delete words excluding persons who are in any event excluded by the operation of this Act, or

                                 (c)    give consistency to the wording of bargaining unit descriptions without altering the substantive description of the unit.

(6)  In issuing replacement certificates under subsection (4), the Board may, with the consent of the parties, amend the name of the trade union or the employer to reflect the current names of the parties where, in the opinion of the Board, it is appropriate to do so.

(7)  Notwithstanding subsection (4), the Board is not required to issue a replacement certificate where it has reason to believe that the employer or the trade union has ceased to exist or has not been in business for a substantial period of time.

(8)  Where the Board does not issue replacement certificates for the reasons specified in subsection (7), the certificate under the Labour Relations Act, RSA 1980 cL-1.1, is deemed to be revoked.

(9)  Notwithstanding subsection (8), any party to a certificate that is deemed to be revoked under that subsection may apply for the issuance of a replacement certificate at any time within 90 days from the date the party learns of the decision not to issue a replacement certificate, and on receipt of that application, the Board may inquire into the matter and, if in the opinion of the Board it is appropriate to do so, issue a replacement certificate.

1988 cL-1.2 s205

Transitional re construction industry

208(1)  The Lieutenant Governor in Council may make regulations respecting collective bargaining in the construction industry for the purpose of facilitating the transition from collective bargaining under the Labour Relations Act, RSA 1980 cL-1.1, and the Construction Industry Collective Bargaining Act, SA 1987 cC-22.3, to collective bargaining under this Act and, without restriction and notwithstanding the other provisions of this Act,

                                 (a)    prescribing sectors;

                                 (b)    prescribing trade jurisdictions;

                                 (c)    prescribing employers’ organizations registered under the Labour Relations Act that are deemed to be registered employers’ organizations under this Act and prescribing any or all of the sector or sectors, trade jurisdictions and the trade unions with respect to which the registration relates;

                                 (d)    prescribing collective agreements that are deemed to continue under this Act and prescribing any conditions with respect to that continuation;

                                 (e)    empowering the Board to provide for transitional matters related to the construction industry including

                                           (i)    the modification of bargaining unit descriptions, certification and registration certificates, and

                                          (ii)    providing that any time restrictions under this Act do not apply in a particular case;

                                  (f)    prescribing projects and collective agreements that are deemed to be projects and collective agreements under Division 8 of Part 3.

(2)  Sectors and trade jurisdictions prescribed in the regulations under subsection (1) are deemed,

                                 (a)    in the case of sectors, to be established by the Lieutenant Governor in Council under section 163(3), and

                                 (b)    in the case of trade jurisdictions, to be established by the Board under section 171.

(3)  The registration of an employers’ organization that is not continued by the regulations under subsection (1) is deemed to terminate on November 28, 1988 or any later date or dates that may be prescribed by the Lieutenant Governor in Council.

(4)  If parties were in a collective bargaining relationship in respect of work in the construction industry as of June 4, 1987

                                 (a)    those parties are deemed to continue in that bargaining relationship until April 30, 1989, unless the bargaining rights of a party are sooner revoked by the Board,

                                 (b)    any previous disputes between the parties are deemed to no longer exist, and

                                 (c)    the parties may serve notice to commence collective bargaining and that notice is deemed to comply with section 59.

(5)  For a period of one year from November 28, 1988 no declaration may made under section 192 with respect to any corporation, partnership, person or association of persons in the construction industry in respect of that industry that, immediately prior to November 28, 1988, was not

                                 (a)    subject to an existing obligation to bargain collectively with a trade union in respect of terms and conditions of employment for employees employed in the construction industry, or

                                 (b)    subject to a collective agreement or to a settlement with a trade union that encompasses work within the construction industry.

(6)  Notwithstanding subsection (5), the Board may make declarations under section 192 with respect to an employer who becomes subject to an obligation to bargain collectively with a trade union in respect of terms and conditions of employment for employees employed in the construction industry, after the date the Construction Industry Collective Bargaining Act, SA 1987 cC-22.3, came into force.

(7)  Where a registration certificate is continued by the regulations under subsection (1), the information required under section 169(3) must in any event be given to the Board within 90 days after the coming into force of that regulation.

1988 cL-1.2 s206